Frasi di Chester Barnard

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Chester Barnard

Data di nascita: 7. Novembre 1886
Data di morte: 7. Giugno 1961

Chester Irving Barnard was an American business executive, public administrator, and the author of pioneering work in management theory and organizational studies. His landmark 1938 book, The Functions of the Executive, sets out a theory of organization and of the functions of executives in organizations. The book has been widely assigned in university courses in management theory and organizational sociology. Barnard viewed organizations as systems of cooperation of human activity, and noted that they are typically short-lived. According to Barnard, organizations are generally not long-lived because they do not meet the two criteria necessary for survival: effectiveness and efficiency. Wikipedia

Frasi Chester Barnard

„An organization comes into being when (1) there are persons able to communicate with each other (2) who are willing to contribute action (3) to accomplish a common purpose.“

—  Chester Barnard, libro The Functions of the Executive

Origine: The Functions of the Executive (1938), p. 82; Highlighted section cited among others in: Dennis K. Mumby (2012), Organizational Communication: A Critical Approach. p. 8
Contesto: An organization comes into being when (1) there are persons able to communicate with each other (2) who are willing to contribute action (3) to accomplish a common purpose. The elements of an organization are therefore (1) communication; (2) willingness to serve; and (3) common purpose. These elements are necessary and sufficient conditions initially, and they are found in all such organizations. The third element, purpose, is implicit in the definition. Willingness to serve, and communication, and the interdependence of the three elements in general, and their mutual dependence in specifie cooperative systems, are matters of experience and observation.

„It is what we think we know that keeps us from learning.“

—  Chester Barnard

Attributed to Chester Bernard in: Brand, Richard A. "Hypothesis-based research." Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 28.2 (1998): 71-73.

„The inculcation of belief in the real existence of a common purpose is an essential executive function.“

—  Chester Barnard, libro The Functions of the Executive

Origine: The Functions of the Executive (1938), p. 87

„The executive is primarily concerned with decisions which facilitate or hinder other decisions.“

—  Chester Barnard

Origine: Organization and Management: Selected Papers (1948), p. 211

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