Frasi di Toro Seduto
Data di nascita: 1831
Data di morte: 15. Dicembre 1890
Toro Seduto è stato un condottiero nativo americano dei Sioux Hunkpapa. In realtà, il suo nome tradotto correttamente è "Bisonte Seduto".
Famoso capo indiano americano , è ricordato nella storia statunitense e dei nativi per aver mobilitato più di 3.500 guerrieri Sioux e Cheyenne nella famosa Battaglia di Little Big Horn, dove ottenne una schiacciante vittoria sul colonnello George Armstrong Custer del Settimo cavalleggeri, il 25 giugno 1876.
Frasi Toro Seduto
„Per noi i guerrieri non sono quello che voi intendete. Il guerriero non è chi combatte, perché nessuno ha il diritto di prendersi la vita di un altro. Il guerriero per noi è chi sacrifica sé stesso per il bene degli altri. È suo compito occuparsi degli anziani, degli indifesi, di chi non può provvedere a sé stesso e soprattutto dei bambini, il futuro dell'umanità.“
Visions 3, Zanichelli
Fonte poco chiara
„Sette anni fa abbiamo stipulato un trattato con l'uomo bianco. Ci ha promesso che la terra dei bufali sarebbe stata nostra per sempre. Adesso minacciano di prenderci anche quella. Dovremmo cedere, fratelli? O invece dire loro: "Dovrai uccidermi prima di impossessarti del mio paese."“
citato in La terra è la nostra madre, p. 52
„La vostra gente stima gli uomini quando sono ricchi: perché hanno molte case, molta terra, molte squaw, non è così? […] Bene, diciamo allora che il mio popolo mi stima perché sono povero. Questa è la differenza!“
Toro Seduto a un giornalista del New York Herald, 16 novembre 1887
„È strano, ma vogliono arare la terra, e sono malati di avidità. Hanno fatto molte leggi, e queste leggi i ricchi possono infrangerle, ma i poveri no. Nella loro religione i poveri pregano, i ricchi no. Tolgono denaro ai poveri e ai deboli per sostenere i ricchi e i potenti.“
citato in La terra è la nostra madre, p. 51
„Behold, my brothers, the spring has come; the earth has received the embraces of the sun and we shall soon see the results of that love! Every seed has awakened and so has all animal life. It is through this mysterious power that we too have our being and we therefore yield to our neighbors, even our animal neighbors, the same right as ourselves, to inhabit this land.“
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„They claim this mother of ours, the earth, for their own and fence their neighbors away; they deface her with their buildings and their refuse. That nation is like a spring freshet that overruns its banks and destroys all who are in its path. We cannot dwell side by side.“
„Inside of me there are two dogs. One is mean and evil and the other is good and they fight each other all the time. When asked which one wins I answer, the one I feed the most.“
Recorded by the Jesuit priest Pierre-Jean De Smet after a council with Sitting Bull on June 19, 1868. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 79-80.
Contesto: I hardly sustain myself beneath the weight of white men's blood that I have shed. The whites provoked the war; their injustices, their indignities to our families, the cruel, unheard of and wholly unprovoked massacre at Fort Lyon … shook all the veins which bind and support me. I rose, tomahawk in hand, and I have done all the hurt to the whites that I could.
As recorded by reporters covering a speech made by Sitting Bull to U.S. military officers at a conference between the military and the Sioux who had retreated to Canada. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 196.
Contesto: You come here to tell us lies, but we don't want to hear them. If we told you more, you would have paid no attention. That is all I have to say.
„Because I am a red man. If the Great Spirit had desired me to be a white man he would have made me so in the first place. He put in your heart certain wishes and plans; in my heart he put other and different desires. Each man is good in the sight of the Great Spirit. It is not necessary, that eagles should be crows.“
Quoted in Vine Deloria, God Is Red: A Native View of Religion. Golden, Colo: Fulcrum Pub, 2003, cited to Virginia Armstrong, I have spoken; American history through the voices of the Indians. Chicago, Sage Books, 1971.
„The love of possessions is a disease in them. These people have made many rules that the rich may break, but the poor may not! They have a religion in which the poor worship, but the rich will not! They even take tithes from the poor and weak to support the rich and those who rule. They claim this mother of ours, the earth, for their own use, and fence their neighbor away. … If America had been twice the size it is, there still would not have been enough.“
Sitting Bull: The Collected Speeches, p. 75
„I will remain what I am until I die, a hunter, and when there are no buffalo or other game I will send my children to hunt and live on prairie, for where an Indian is shut up in one place his body becomes weak.“
Recorded by James M. Walsh, inspector in the Northwest Territory of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, at a conference with Sitting Bull on March 23, 1879. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 206.
„Look at me, see if I am poor, or my people either. The whites may get me at last, as you say, but I will have good times till then. You are fools to make yourselves slaves to a piece of fat bacon, some hard-tack, and a little sugar and coffee.“
Also told to Charles Larpenteur at Fort Union in 1867. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 73.
„I have killed, robbed, and injured too many white men to believe in a good peace. They are medicine, and I would eventually die a lingering death. I had rather die on the field of battle.“
Recorded by Charles Larpenteur at Fort Union in 1867. Published in Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1993. p. 73.