Frasi di George Soros
Data di nascita: 12. Agosto 1930
Altri nomi: جرج سوروس
George Soros è un imprenditore, economista, attivista e filantropo ungherese naturalizzato statunitense.
Il suo patrimonio personale è stimato in circa 24,4 miliardi di dollari nel maggio 2016 ed è una delle trenta persone più ricche del mondo. Finanziere di successo dagli anni '50, durante il cosiddetto mercoledì nero George Soros è diventato famoso con un'operazione di speculazione finanziaria che ha costretto la Banca d'Inghilterra a svalutare la sterlina facendogli guadagnare una cifra stimata in 1,1 miliardi di dollari. Da quel momento è soprannominato l'uomo che gettò sul lastrico la Banca d'Inghilterra
Soros è Presidente del Soros Fund, dell'Open Society e fondatore e consigliere del Quantum Group. Politicamente è un sostenitore del movimento liberal della sinistra democratica statunitense e un finanziatore di gruppi per i diritti umani con un interesse per la filosofia, a partire da quella del suo insegnante giovanile, Karl Popper.
Frasi George Soros
„Putin mantiene legami con i partiti nazionalisti di destra in Francia, con il Front National di Marine Le Pen, e in Gran Bretagna. In Grecia ha rapporti con Anel, il partito della destra nazionalista che fa parte del governo, ma anche con la sinistra ex comunista anch'essa nella maggioranza ad Atene. […] Putin ha un piano. La sua ambizione prima di tutto è dividere e destabilizzare l'Ucraina. Oltre a questo, mira anche a dividere la Ue, diffondere l'influenza russa e, se possibile, sostituire gli Stati Uniti come il principale fattore esterno sull'Unione europea. È noto che può già pesare molto sull'Ungheria, la Slovacchia e la Repubblica Ceca attraverso il controllo delle forniture di energia.“
Origine: Dall'intervista di Federico Fubini, George Soros: "Rischio populismo anche per colpa delle scelte della Bce. E la Ue aiuti l'Ucraina" http://www.repubblica.it/esteri/2015/03/24/news/george_soros_rischio_populismo_anche_per_colpa_delle_scelte_della_bce_e_la_ue_aiuti_l_ucraina_-110345130/, Repubblica.it, 24 marzo 2015.
„Incerte sul loro stesso essere, le persone si appoggiano sempre più sul denaro criterio di valore. È considerato migliore ciò che costa di più. Il valore di un'opera d'arte è stabilito in base al prezzo. Le persone meritano rispetto e ammirazione perché sono ricche. Quello che è sempre stato un mezzo di scambio ha usurpato il posto dei valori fondamentali, rovesciando il legame postulato dalla teoria economica.“
Origine: Da La società aperta rivisitata, Reset, n. 34, febbraio 2007, p. 33.
„As long as people genuinely care for the people they're trying to help, they can actually do a lot of good.“
Interview with Mark Shapiro (2000)
Contesto: It's more difficult, you know, to bring about positive change than it is to make money. It's much easier to make money, because it's a much easier way to measure success — the bottom line. When it comes to social consequences, they've got all different people acting in different ways, very difficult to even have a proper criterion of success. So, it's a difficult task. Why not use an entrepreneurial, rather than a bureaucratic, approach. As long as people genuinely care for the people they're trying to help, they can actually do a lot of good.
„How good are markets in predicting real-world developments? Reading the record, it is striking how many calamities that I anticipated did not in fact materialise.
Financial markets constantly anticipate events, both on the positive and on the negative side, which fail to materialise exactly because they have been anticipated.
It is an old joke that the stock market has predicted seven of the last two recessions. Markets are often wrong.“
„The fact that a thesis is flawed does not mean that we should not invest in it as long as other people believe in it and there is a large group of people left to be convinced. The point was made by John Maynard Keynes when he compared the stock market to a beauty contest where the winner is not the most beautiful contestant but the one whom the greatest number of people consider beautiful. Where I have something significant to add is in pointing out that it pays to look for the flaws; if we find them, we are ahead of the game because we can limit our losses when the market also discovers what we already know. It is when we are unaware of what could go wrong that we have to worry.“
Origine: The Alchemy of Finance
„Although we cannot rid ourselves of misconceptions, we can correct them when we become aware of them.“
Origine: The Age of Fallibility: Consequences of the War on Terror
„In my view, philanthropy goes against the grain; therefore it generates a lot of hypocrisy and many paradoxes. Here are some examples: Philanthropy is supposed to be devoted to the benefit of others, but philanthropists are primarily concerned with their own benefit; philanthropy is supposed to help people, yet it often makes people dependent and turns them into objects of charity; applicants tell foundations what they want to hear, then proceed to do what the applicant wants to do.“
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„Once we realize that imperfect understanding is the human condition, there is no shame in being wrong, only in failing to correct our mistakes.“
Contesto: On the abstract level, I have turned the belief in my own fallibility into the cornerstone of an elaborate philosophy. On a personal level, I am a very critical person who looks for defects in myself as well as in others. But, being so critical, I am also quite forgiving. I couldn't recognize my mistakes if I couldn't forgive myself. To others, being wrong is a source of shame; to me, recognizing my mistakes is a source of pride. Once we realize that imperfect understanding is the human condition, there is no shame in being wrong, only in failing to correct our mistakes.
„First, there is no single sustainable model for national success. Second, the American model, which has indeed been successful, is not available to others, because our success depends greatly on our dominant position at the center of the global capitalist system, and we are not willing to yield it.“
"The Bubble of American Supremacy" in The Atlantic Monthly (December 2003), p. 63 - 66 http://www.globalpolicy.org/empire/analysis/2003/12supremacy.htm
Contesto: The supremacist ideology of the Bush Administration stands in opposition to the principles of an open society, which recognize that people have different views and that nobody is in possession of the ultimate truth. The supremacist ideology postulates that just because we are stronger than others, we know better and have right on our side. The very first sentence of the September 2002 National Security Strategy (the President's annual laying out to Congress of the country's security objectives) reads, "The great struggles of the twentieth century between liberty and totalitarianism ended with a decisive victory for the forces of freedom and a single sustainable model for national success: freedom, democracy, and free enterprise."
The assumptions behind this statement are false on two counts. First, there is no single sustainable model for national success. Second, the American model, which has indeed been successful, is not available to others, because our success depends greatly on our dominant position at the center of the global capitalist system, and we are not willing to yield it.
Why We Must Not Reelect President Bush (2004)
Contesto: We face a vicious circle of escalating violence. President Bush ran on the platform of a "humble" foreign policy in 2000. If we re-elect him now, we endorse the Bush doctrine of preemptive action and the invasion of Iraq, and we will have to live with the consequences.
„An open society is always in danger. It must constantly reaffirm its principles in order to survive.“
Speech at the National Press Club (2004)
Contesto: An open society is always in danger. It must constantly reaffirm its principles in order to survive. We are being sorely tested, first by 9/11 and then by President Bush's response. To pass the test we must face reality instead of finding solace in false certainties. This election transcends party loyalties. Our future as an open society depends on resisting the Siren's song.
„The Palestine problem does not have a purely military solution. Military superiority is necessary for Israel's national security, but it is not sufficient.“
On Israel, America and AIPAC (2007)
Contesto: The Palestine problem does not have a purely military solution. Military superiority is necessary for Israel's national security, but it is not sufficient. The solution has to be political, as President Clinton recognized.
„You know, I learned at a very early age that what kind of social system or political system prevails is very important. Not just for your well-being, but for your very survival.“
Interview with David Brancaccio (2003)
Contesto: You know, I learned at a very early age that what kind of social system or political system prevails is very important. Not just for your well-being, but for your very survival. Because, you know, I could have been killed by the Nazis. I could have wasted my life under the Communists. So, that's what led me to this idea of an open society. And that is the idea that is motivating me.
„Stock market bubbles don't grow out of thin air. They have a solid basis in reality — but reality as distorted by a misconception.“
BuzzFlash interview (2004)
Contesto: Stock market bubbles don't grow out of thin air. They have a solid basis in reality — but reality as distorted by a misconception. Under normal conditions misconceptions are self-correcting, and the markets tend toward some kind of equilibrium. Occasionally, a misconception is reinforced by a trend prevailing in reality, and that is when a boom-bust process gets under way. Eventually the gap between reality and its false interpretation becomes unsustainable, and the bubble bursts.
The Crisis of Global Capitalism (1998)
Contesto: A global society does not mean a global state. To abolish the existence of states is neither feasible nor desirable; but insofar as there are collective interests that transcend state boundaries, the sovereignty of states must be subordinated to international law and international institutions.
Speech at the National Press Club (2004)
Contesto: The war in Iraq was misconceived from start to finish — if it has a finish. It is a war of choice, not of necessity, as President Bush claims. It goes without saying that Saddam was a tyrant, and it is good to be rid of him. But in invading Iraq as we did, without a second UN resolution, we violated international law. By mistreating and even torturing prisoners, we violated the Geneva conventions. President Bush has boasted that we do not need a permission slip from the international community, but our disregard for international law has endangered our security, particularly the security of our troops.