Frasi di Andrej Dmitrijevič Sacharov

Andrej Dmitrijevič Sacharov photo
6   0

Andrej Dmitrijevič Sacharov

Data di nascita: 21. Maggio 1921
Data di morte: 14. Dicembre 1989
Altri nomi:Andrej Dmitrievič Sacharov, Andrei Dmitrievich Sacharov

Pubblicità

Andrej Dmitrievič Sacharov è stato un fisico sovietico, famoso nel mondo dapprima per il contributo alla messa a punto della bomba all'idrogeno e successivamente per la sua attività in favore dei diritti civili che gli valse il premio Nobel per la pace.

Autori simili

Eugenio Montale photo
Eugenio Montale71
poeta, giornalista e critico musicale italiano
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel photo
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel6
pacifista argentino
Shirin Ebadi photo
Shirin Ebadi3
avvocato e pacifista iraniana
Anwar al-Sadat photo
Anwar al-Sadat4
politico e militare egiziano
Carlo Rubbia photo
Carlo Rubbia18
fisico italiano
Erwin Schrödinger photo
Erwin Schrödinger11
fisico e matematico austriaco
 Dalai Lama photo
Dalai Lama81
14º Dalai Lama e Premio Nobel per la Pace 1989
Rigoberta Menchú photo
Rigoberta Menchú1
pacifista guatemalteca
Malala Yousafzai photo
Malala Yousafzai10
attivista pakistana
Al Gore photo
Al Gore13
politico statunitense

Frasi Andrej Dmitrijevič Sacharov

Pubblicità

„We regard as "scientific" a method based on deep analysis of facts, theories, and views, presupposing unprejudiced, unfearing open discussion and conclusions.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: We regard as "scientific" a method based on deep analysis of facts, theories, and views, presupposing unprejudiced, unfearing open discussion and conclusions. The complexity and diversity of all the phenomena of modern life, the great possibilities and dangers linked with the scientific-technical revolution and with a number of social tendencies demand precisely such an approach, as has been acknowledged in a number of official statements.

„All peoples have the right to decide their own fate with a free expression of will.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: All peoples have the right to decide their own fate with a free expression of will. This right is guaranteed by international control over observance by all governments of the "Declaration of the Rights of Man." International control presupposes the use of economic sanctions as well as the use of military forces of the United Nations in defense of "the rights of man."

Pubblicità

„Freedom of thought is the only guarantee of the feasibility of a scientific democratic approach to politics, economy, and culture.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: Intellectual freedom is essential to human society — freedom to obtain and distribute information, freedom for open-minded and unfearing debate, and freedom from pressure by officialdom and prejudices. Such a trinity of freedom of thought is the only guarantee against an infection of people by mass myths, which, in the hands of treacherous hypocrites and demagogues, can be transformed into bloody dictatorship. Freedom of thought is the only guarantee of the feasibility of a scientific democratic approach to politics, economy, and culture. But freedom of thought is under a triple threat in modern society—from the deliberate opium of mass culture, from cowardly, egotistic, and philistine ideologies, and from the ossified dogmatism of a bureaucratic oligarchy and its favorite weapon, ideological censorship. Therefore, freedom of thought requires the defense of all thinking and honest people.

„Both Marx and Lenin always stressed the viciousness of a bureaucratic system as the opposite of a democratic system.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: Marx once wrote that the illusion that the "bosses know everything best" and "only the higher circles familiar with the official nature of things can pass judgment" was held by officials who equate the public weal with governmental authority. Both Marx and Lenin always stressed the viciousness of a bureaucratic system as the opposite of a democratic system. Lenin used to say that every cook should learn how to govern.

„The strategy of peaceful coexistence and collaboration must be deepened in every way.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: The strategy of peaceful coexistence and collaboration must be deepened in every way. Scientific methods and principles of international policy will have to be worked out, based on scientific prediction of the immediate and more distant consequences. The initiative must be seized in working out a broad program of struggle against hunger. A law on press and information must be drafted, widely discussed, and adopted, with the aim not only of ending irresponsible and irrational censorship, but also of encouraging self-study in our society, fearless discussion, and the search for truth. The law must provide for the material resources of freedom of thought. All anti-constitutional laws and decrees violating human rights must be abrogated.

„In the old China, the systems of examinations for official positions led to mental stagnation and to the canonizing of the reactionary aspects of Confucianism. It is highly undesirable to have anything like that in a modern society.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: A system of education under government control, separation of school and church, universal free education — all these are great achievements of social progress. But everything has a reverse side. In this case it is excessive standardization, extending to the teaching process itself, to the curriculum, especially in literature, history, civics, geography, and to the system of examinations. One cannot but see a danger in excessive reference to authority and in the limitation of discussion and intellectual boldness at an age when personal convictions are beginning to be formed. In the old China, the systems of examinations for official positions led to mental stagnation and to the canonizing of the reactionary aspects of Confucianism. It is highly undesirable to have anything like that in a modern society.

Pubblicità

„The capitalist world could not help giving birth to the socialist, but now the socialist world should not seek to destroy by force the ground from which it grew. Under the present conditions this would be tantamount to the suicide of mankind. Socialism should ennoble that ground by its example and other indirect forms of pressure and then merge with it.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: Without socialism, bourgeois practices and the egotistical principle of private ownership gave rise to the "people of the abyss" described by Jack London and earlier by Engels. Only the competition with socialism and the pressure of the working class made possible the social progress of the twentieth century and, all the more, will insure the now inevitable process of rapprochement of the two systems. It took socialism to raise the meaning of labor to the heights of a moral feat. Before the advent of socialism, national egotism gave rise to colonial oppression, nationalism, and racism. By now it has become clear that victory is on the side of the humanistic, international approach. The capitalist world could not help giving birth to the socialist, but now the socialist world should not seek to destroy by force the ground from which it grew. Under the present conditions this would be tantamount to the suicide of mankind. Socialism should ennoble that ground by its example and other indirect forms of pressure and then merge with it.

„The division of mankind threatens it with destruction.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: The division of mankind threatens it with destruction. Civilization is imperiled by: a universal thermonuclear war, catastrophic hunger for most of mankind, stupefaction from the narcotic of "mass culture," and bureaucratized dogmatism, a spreading of mass myths that put entire peoples and continents under the power of cruel and treacherous demagogues, and destruction or degeneration from the unforeseeable consequences of swift changes in the conditions of life on our planet. In the face of these perils, any action increasing the division of mankind, any preaching of the incompatibility of world ideologies and nations is madness and a crime. Only universal cooperation under conditions of intellec­tual freedom and the lofty moral ideals of socialism and labor, accompanied by the elimination of dogmatism and pressures of the concealed interests of ruling classes, will preserve civilization. The reader will understand that ideological collaboration cannot apply to those fanatical, sectarian, and extremist ideologies that reject all possibility of rapprochement, discussion, and compromise, for example, the ideologies of fascist, racist, militaristic, and Maoist demagogy.

„The worldwide dangers of war, famine, cults of personality, and bureaucracy — these are perils for all of mankind.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: The worldwide dangers of war, famine, cults of personality, and bureaucracy — these are perils for all of mankind. Recognition by the working class and the intelligentsia of their common interests has been a striking phenomenon of the present day. The most progressive, internationalist, and dedicated element of the intelligentsia is, in essence, part of the working class, and the most advanced, educated, internationalist, and broad-minded part of the working class is part of the intelligentsia.

„Intellectual freedom is essential to human society — freedom to obtain and distribute information, freedom for open-minded and unfearing debate, and freedom from pressure by officialdom and prejudices.“

—  Andrei Sakharov
Context: Intellectual freedom is essential to human society — freedom to obtain and distribute information, freedom for open-minded and unfearing debate, and freedom from pressure by officialdom and prejudices. Such a trinity of freedom of thought is the only guarantee against an infection of people by mass myths, which, in the hands of treacherous hypocrites and demagogues, can be transformed into bloody dictatorship. Freedom of thought is the only guarantee of the feasibility of a scientific democratic approach to politics, economy, and culture. But freedom of thought is under a triple threat in modern society—from the deliberate opium of mass culture, from cowardly, egotistic, and philistine ideologies, and from the ossified dogmatism of a bureaucratic oligarchy and its favorite weapon, ideological censorship. Therefore, freedom of thought requires the defense of all thinking and honest people.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Translate quotes
Avanti
Anniversari di oggi
Francesco Petrarca photo
Francesco Petrarca132
poeta italiano autore del Canzoniere 1304 - 1374
Chris Cornell photo
Chris Cornell3
cantante statunitense 1964
Bruce Lee photo
Bruce Lee51
attore, artista marziale e filosofo statunitense 1940 - 1973
Papa Leone XIII photo
Papa Leone XIII35
256° vescovo di Roma e papa della Chiesa cattolica 1810 - 1903
Altri 69 anniversari oggi
Autori simili
Eugenio Montale photo
Eugenio Montale71
poeta, giornalista e critico musicale italiano
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel photo
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel6
pacifista argentino
Shirin Ebadi photo
Shirin Ebadi3
avvocato e pacifista iraniana
Anwar al-Sadat photo
Anwar al-Sadat4
politico e militare egiziano
Carlo Rubbia photo
Carlo Rubbia18
fisico italiano