Frasi di Antistene

Antistene photo
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Antistene

Data di nascita: 444 a.C.
Data di morte: 365 a.C.

Antistene è stato un filosofo greco antico.

Fu allievo di Gorgia e discepolo di Socrate, forse fondò la scuola cinica, così chiamata perché i cinici si riunivano nel Cinosarge, il ginnasio ateniese dove erano accettati anche i "semi-cittadini" , e per questo i suoi allievi furono chiamati Cinici . Probabilmente fu maestro di Diogene di Sinope ma non si hanno prove certe su ciò.

„Un avaro non può mai essere virtuoso.“

—  Antistene

Origine: Citato in G. B. Garassini e Carla Morini, Gemme, classe 5 maschile, Sandron, Milano [post. 1911].

„Nel lusso possano vivere i figli dei nemici.“

—  Antistene

Origine: Citato in 2005, VI, 8.

„Gli invidiosi sono divorati dal loro proprio carattere come il ferro dalla ruggine.“

—  Antistene

Origine: Citato in 2005, VI, 5.

„The investigation of the meaning of words is the beginning of education.“

—  Antisthenes

Arrian, Discourses of Epictetus, i. 17
Originale: (el) ἀρχὴ παιδεύσεως ἡ τῶν ὀνομάτων ἐπίσκεψις

„Antisthenes … said once to a youth from Pontus who was on the point of coming to him to be his pupil, and was asking him what things he wanted, "You want a new book, and a new pen, and a new tablet;" - meaning a new mind.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 4
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius
Originale: (el) πρός τε τὸ Ποντικὸν μειράκιον μέλλον φοιτᾶν αὐτῷ καὶ πυθόμενον τίνων αὐτῷ δεῖ, φησί, “βιβλιαρίου καινοῦ καὶ γραφείου καινοῦ καὶ πινακιδίου καινοῦ,” τὸν νοῦν παρεμφαίνων.

„Count all wickedness foreign and alien.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 5
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius
Originale: (el) τὰ πονηρὰ νόμιζε πάντα ξενικά.

„Once, when he was applauded by rascals, he remarked, "I am horribly afraid I have done something wrong."“

—  Antisthenes

§ 5
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius

„It is better to fight with a few good men against all the wicked, than with many wicked men against a few good men.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 5
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius
Originale: (el) κρεῖττόν ἐστι μετ᾿ ὀλίγων ἀγαθῶν πρὸς ἅπαντας τοὺς κακοὺς ἢ μετὰ πολλῶν κακῶν πρὸς ὀλίγους ἀγαθοὺς μάχεσθαι.

„Antisthenes … used to say that the wise man would regulate his conduct as a citizen, not according to the established laws of the state, but according to the law of virtue.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 5
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius
Originale: (el) τὸν σοφὸν οὐ κατὰ τοὺς κειμένους νόμους πολιτεύσεσθαι, ἀλλὰ κατὰ τὸν τῆς ἀρετῆς.

„It is better to fall in with crows than with flatterers; for in the one case you are devoured when dead, in the other case while alive.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 4
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius

„I'd rather be mad than feel pleasure.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 3; quoted also by Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio Evangelica xv. 13
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius
Originale: (el) ἔλεγέ τε συνεχές, “μανείην μᾶλλον ἢ ἡσθείην.”

„Pay attention to your enemies, for they are the first to discover your mistakes.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 12
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius

„Being asked what learning is the most necessary, he replied, "How to get rid of having anything to unlearn."“

—  Antisthenes

§ 7
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius
Originale: (el) ἐρωτηθεὶς τί τῶν μαθημάτων ἀναγκαιότατον, “τὸ περιαιρεῖν,” ἔφη, “τὸ ἀπομανθάνειν.”

„States are doomed when they are unable to distinguish good men from bad.“

—  Antisthenes

§ 5
From Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laërtius

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