Frasi di Arthur Wellesley Wellington

Arthur Wellesley Wellington photo
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Arthur Wellesley Wellington

Data di nascita: 1. Maggio 1769
Data di morte: 14. Settembre 1852
Altri nomi:Arthur Wellesley, I duca di Wellington,Duca di Wellington

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Sir Arthur Wellesley, I duca di Wellington , è stato un generale e politico britannico di origine irlandese.

Dopo aver iniziato la carriera militare combattendo in India, comandò le forze anglo-portoghesi durante la guerra d'indipendenza spagnola, espellendo, dopo una serie estenuante di campagne dal 1809 al 1813, l'esercito francese dalla Spagna e raggiungendo la Francia meridionale.

Vittorioso e salutato come un eroe in patria, prese parte, come rappresentante del suo paese al Congresso di Vienna. Dopo il ritorno di Napoleone Bonaparte dall'isola d'Elba, assunse il comando delle forze anglo-alleate schierate in Belgio e vinse, insieme all'esercito prussiano del feldmaresciallo Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, la battaglia di Waterloo che determinò la sconfitta definitiva dell'imperatore francese.

Wellington fu anche per due volte primo ministro del Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda.

Generale avveduto, metodico e riflessivo, alieno da slanci offensivi ma prudente e sagace nella manovra, il duca di Wellington adottò abili tattiche di battaglia sfruttando le capacità difensive delle sue truppe, e nella penisola iberica ottenne una serie di brillanti vittorie contro i luogotenenti di Napoleone, nonostante le grandi difficoltà organizzative e la limitatezza dei suoi mezzi. Nella campagna del 1815 in Belgio fu sorpreso dalla rapidità delle manovre iniziali di Napoleone e dovette combattere una drammatica battaglia difensiva a Waterloo; la sua solidità di spirito e il coraggio dei suoi soldati gli permisero di resistere fino all'intervento decisivo dell'esercito prussiano.

Il suo nome è associato a un tipo di stivale e a un bombardiere inglese della seconda guerra mondiale.

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Frasi Arthur Wellesley Wellington

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„Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: My heart is broken by the terrible loss I have sustained in my old friends and companions and my poor soldiers. Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public. Letter from the field of Waterloo (June 1815), as quoted in Decisive Battles of the World (1899) by Edward Shepherd Creasy. Quoted too in Memorable Battles in English History: Where Fought, why Fought, and Their Results; with the Military Lives of the Commanders by William Henry Davenport Adams; Editor Griffith and Farran, 1863. p. 400.

„Napoleon has humbugged me, by God“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: Napoleon has humbugged me, by God; he has gained twenty-four hours' march on me. At the Duchess of Richmond's ball (15 June 1815), as quoted in Camps, Quarters, and Casual Places http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/9460 (1896) by Archibald Forbes, quotes Captain Bowles account and citing the Letters of the First Earl of Malmesbury.

„It has been a damned serious business“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there. Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."

„It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there. Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."

„The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance... Letter to John Croker (8 August 1815), as quoted in The History of England from the Accession of James II (1848) by Thomas Babington Macaulay, Volume I Chapter 5 http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/hst/european/TheHistoryofEnglandfromtheAccessionofJamesIIVol1/chap5.html, p. 180.; and in The Waterloo Letters (1891) edited by H. T. Sibome

„Up, Guards, and at them again.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Said at the Battle of Waterloo, as quoted in a letter from a Captain Batty of the Foot Guards (22 June 1815), often misquoted as "Up Guards and at 'em." Wellington himself, years later, declared that he did not know exactly what he had said on the occasion, and doubted that anyone did.

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„I am not only not prepared to bring forward any measure of this nature, but I will at once declare that, as far as I am concerned, as long as I hold any station in the Government of the country, I shall always feel it my duty to resist such measures when proposed by others.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Expressing his total opposition to demands for Parliamentary reform in November 1830. Cited in "The House of Lords: A handbook for Liberal speakers, writers and workers" (1910) by Liberal Publication Department, p. 19.

„I don't know what effect these men will have on the enemy, but by God, they terrify me.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Said to be his remarks on a draft of new troops sent to him in Spain (1809), as quoted in A New Dictionary of Quotations on Historical Principles from Ancient and Modern Sources (1942) by H. L. Mencken, this quote is disputed, and may be derived from a comment made to Colonel Robert Torrens about some of his generals in a despatch (29 August 1810): "As Lord Chesterfield said of the generals of his day, "I only hope that when the enemy reads the list of their names, he trembles as I do."

„Uxbridge: By God, sir, I've lost my leg!
Wellington: By God, sir, so you have!“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Exchange said to have occurred at the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), after Lord Uxbridge lost his leg to a cannonball; as quoted in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004) Variant account: Uxbridge: I have lost my leg, by God! Wellington: By God, and have you! Thomas Hardy, in The Dynasts, Pt. III Act VII, scene viii, portraying the incident.

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„Circumstances over which I have no control.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Phrase said to have first been used by Wellington, as quoted in notes for 18 September 1836 I hope you will not think I am deficient in feeling toward you, or that I am wanting in desire to serve you, because the results of my attempts have failed, owing to circumstances over which I have no control. As quoted in The Life and Letters of Lady Hester Stanhope (1914) http://www.archive.org/details/lifelettersoflad00clevuoft edited by Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Powlett, Duchess of Cleveland

„If a gentleman happens to be born in a stable, it does not follow that he should be called a horse.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
As quoted in Genetic Studies in Joyce (1995) by David Hayman and Sam Slote. Though such remarks have often been quoted as Wellington's response on being called Irish, the earliest published sources yet found for similar comments are those about him attributed to an Irish politician: The poor old Duke! what shall I say of him? To be sure he was born in Ireland, but being born in a stable does not make a man a horse. Daniel O'Connell, in a speech (16 October 1843), as quoted in Shaw's Authenticated Report of the Irish State Trials (1844), p. 93 http://books.google.com/books?id=dpKbWonMghwC&pg=PA93&dq=%22+make+a+man+a+horse%22&num=100&ei=0YVZSIWXCIiSjgG37bGIDA No, he is not an Irishman. He was born in Ireland; but being born in a stable does not make a man a horse. Daniel O'Connell during a speech (16 October 1843), as quoted in Reports of State Trials: New Series Volume V, 1843 to 1844 (1893) "The Queen Against O'Connell and Others", p. 206 http://books.google.com/books?id=zWETAAAAYAAJ&pg=PT108&dq=%22+make+a+man+a+horse%22&num=100&ei=MohZSJ-PK4a4jgG-lLGJDA Variants: If a man be born in a stable, that does not make him a horse. Quoted as as an anonymous proverb in Dictionary of Quotations from Ancient and Modern English and Foreign Sources (1899), p. 171 Because a man is born in a stable that does not make him a horse. Quoted as a dubious statement perhaps made early in his career in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Proverbs (1992) edited by John Simpson and Jennifer Speake, p. 162.

„Depend upon it, Sir, nothing will come of them!“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
On the coming of the railways, in The Birth of the Modern (1991), by Paul Johnson. p. 993.

„Publish and be damned.“

— Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
His response in 1824 to John Joseph Stockdale who threatened to publish anecdotes of Wellington and his mistress Harriette Wilson, as quoted in Wellington — The Years of the Sword (1969) by Elizabeth Longford. This has commonly been recounted as a response made to Wilson herself, in response to a threat to publish her memoirs and his letters. This account of events seems to have started with Confessions of Julia Johnstone In Contradiction to the Fables of Harriette Wilson (1825), where she makes such an accusation, and states that his reply had been "write and be damned".

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