Frasi di Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping photo
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Deng Xiaoping

Data di nascita: 22. Agosto 1904
Data di morte: 19. Febbraio 1997

Deng Xiaoping è stato un politico, rivoluzionario e militare cinese.

Ha ricoperto ruoli direttivi nel Partito Comunista Cinese a più riprese nel corso dell'era di Mao Zedong, diventando leader de facto della Cina dal 1978 al 1992.

È stato il pioniere della riforma economica cinese e l'artefice del "socialismo con caratteristiche cinesi", teoria che mirava a giustificare la transizione dall'economia pianificata a un'economia aperta al mercato, ma comunque supervisionata dallo stato nelle prospettive macroeconomiche. Nel decennio tra gli anni Ottanta e Novanta, da lui guidati, la Repubblica Popolare Cinese restaurò relazioni strategiche e geopolitiche con l'Unione Sovietica, abbandonando la "teoria dei tre mondi", antisovietica e di ascendenza maoista.

Deng fu il cuore della seconda generazione dei leader del Partito Comunista Cinese. Sotto il suo controllo la Cina divenne una delle economie dalla crescita più rapida, senza che il partito perdesse il controllo del Paese. Wikipedia

Frasi Deng Xiaoping

„Non importa che sia un gatto bianco o un gatto nero, finché cattura topi è un buon gatto.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

Origine: Tradotto e citato in Simona Gallo Una lettura "bachtiniana" dell'opera critica di Gao Xingjian, LCM Journal, Vol. 3, 2016, N. 1, Verso nuove frontiere dell'eteroglossia..., p. 72 https://books.google.it/books?id=rM7RDAAAQBAJ&lpg=PA72.

„One Country, Two systems.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

Actually coined by Mao Zedong, popularized by Deng Xiaoping
Misattributed or apocryphal

„Crossing the river by feeling the stones“

—  Deng Xiaoping

摸着石头过河 (mō zhe shítou guòhé)
Meaning: proceed gradually, by experimentation.
Traditional saying, first used in Chinese Communist context by Chen Yun, 1980 December 16, then popularized by Deng 1984 October. Frequently misattributed to Deng.
Misattributed or apocryphal
Origine: Henry He, Dictionary of the Political Thought of the People's Republic of China, Routledge, 2016, ISBN 978-1-31550044-7, p. 287 https://books.google.com/books?id=XSi3DAAAQBAJ&lpg=PA287&dq=%22cross%20the%20river%20by%20feeling%20the%20stones%22&pg=PA287#v=onepage
Origine: Evan Osnos, Boom Doctor https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2010/10/11/boom-doctor, New Yorker, October 11, 2010:
The strategy, as Chen Yun put it, was “crossing the river by feeling for the stones.” (Deng, inevitably, received credit for the expression.)
Origine: Chinese land reform: A world to turn upside down https://www.economist.com/briefing/2013/10/31/a-world-to-turn-upside-down, The Economist, 2013 October 31
Liu Hongzhi, who oversees the scheme, quotes a famous phrase often attributed to Deng, though in fact coined by a colleague: “We are crossing the river by feeling the stones.”

„Seek Truth from Facts“

—  Deng Xiaoping

Actually from the Han Shu 《漢書·河間獻王劉德傳》, not coined by Mao Zedong nor by Deng Xiaoping, popularized by various people before them.
Misattributed or apocryphal

„When our thousands of Chinese students abroad return home, you will see how China will transform itself.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

As quoted in Forbes, Vol. 176, Editions 7-13 (2005), p. 79

„A basic contradiction between socialism and the market economy does not exist.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

As quoted in Daily report: People's Republic of China, Editions 240-249 (1993), p. 30
Interview, Time, 4 November 1985.
Variante: There are no fundamental contradictions between a socialist system and a market economy.

„To get rich is glorious!“

—  Deng Xiaoping

Deng is commonly quoted with this phrase in western media but there is no proof that he actually said it
However, this phrase in Chinese is more accurately translated as ""wealth is glorious,"" where wealth can have a very general meaning, including knowledge, personal relationships, family: anything of value. Understood this way, the quote is not as directly controversial as a ideological/political statement, and so it is not hard to believe that he really did say this.

Source: http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/689588251.html?dids=689588251:689588251&FMT=ABS
Misattributed or apocryphal
Originale: (zh) 致富光荣

„Let some people get rich first.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

"Nanxun" (Southern Tour) of 1992. Quoted in The Economist http://www.economist.com/node/639652 (31 May 2001). A summarization of several quotations from Deng Xiaoping, known in Chinese as, "让一部分人先富起来", News of the Communist Party of China http://cpc.people.com.cn/GB/34136/2569304.html World Development Report 2009 https://books.google.com/books?id=ZkDE5CxAqHcC&pg=PA73&lpg=PA73&dq=%22some+areas+must+get+rich+before+others%22&source=bl&ots=ezli3nfD8W&sig=ACfU3U2wto-q9C3waDTgnGgB2xLgodbruA&hl=en&sa=X The Nanxun Legacy and China's Development in the Post-Deng Era https://books.google.com/books?id=jDJqDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA202&dq=%22to+get+rich+first%22&hl=en&sa=X.
Misattributed or apocryphal

„The United States brags about its political system, but the [American] President says one thing during the election, something else when he takes office, something else at midterm and something else when he leaves.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

When asked about China's political stability by a group of American professors in 1983, as quoted in The Pacific Rim and the Western World: Strategic, Economic, and Cultural Perspectives (1987), p. 105

„It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white, as long as it catches mice.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

Quoted in Hung Li China's Political Situation and the Power Struggle in Peking (1977), p. 107
According to Chambers Dictionary of Quotations (1993), p. 315, this quote is from a speech at the Communist Youth League conference in July 1962.

„If you open a window for fresh air, you have to expect some flies to blow in.“

—  Deng Xiaoping

» Great Firewall of China Torfox, cs.stanford.edu, 2018-05-02 https://cs.stanford.edu/people/eroberts/cs201/projects/2010-11/FreedomOfInformationChina/category/great-firewall-of-china/index.html,

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