Frasi di Ernest Gellner

Ernest Gellner foto
0  0

Ernest Gellner

Data di nascita: 9. Dicembre 1925
Data di morte: 5. Novembre 1995

Pubblicità

Ernest Gellner è stato un filosofo, antropologo e sociologo inglese.

Di origine cecoslovacca, la sua famiglia emigrò in Inghilterra nel 1939.

Il suo primo libro, Words and Things conteneva un attacco alla filosofia linguistica di Oxford, variante inglese della filosofia analitica di ispirazione wittgensteiniana. Professore di Filosofia, logica e metodo scientifico alla London School of Economics dal 1962 al 1984, poi professore di Antropologia sociale all'Università di Cambridge fino al 1992, infine direttore del nuovo Centro per lo Studio del Nazionalismo a Praga, Gellner combatté per tutta la vita, con il suo insegnamento, con i suoi interventi, le sue pubblicazioni, contro quelli che definiva sistemi chiusi di pensiero, in particolare il comunismo, la psicoanalisi, il relativismo postmoderno. La modernizzazione della società, il nazionalismo e l'Islam furono i temi centrali della sua indagine sociologica.

Gellner ha difeso la tradizione illuminista e il pluralismo liberale, e si è opposto alle delle ideologie totalitarie, acquistando una meritata reputazione come un nemico degli idoli intellettuali del Novecento, tra cui soprattutto Marx, Freud e Wittgenstein. Gellner ha difeso il ruolo della ragione come guida per la filosofia e per le scienze umane, e ha criticato le correnti relativiste del pensiero contemporaneo, come lo strutturalismo di Lévi-Strauss, l'antropologia interpretativa di Clifford Geertz, e il postmodernismo. Gellner è stato influenzato da Karl Popper, Raymond Aron e Max Weber. Secondo Perry Anderson, tra tutti i sociologi weberiani, Gellner è quello che è restato più vicino ai problemi intellettuali che erano centrali per Weber.

In occasione della sua morte, è stato descritto dal Daily Telegraph come uno degli intellettuali più importanti del mondo, e dal The Independent come un battagliero sostenitore del razionalismo critico.

Frasi Ernest Gellner

„Knowledge which ... transcends the bounds, the prejudices and prejudgements of any one society and culture is not an illusion but, on the contrary, a glorious and luminous reality. Just how it was achieved remains subject to debate.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: Knowledge which... transcends the bounds, the prejudices and prejudgements of any one society and culture is not an illusion but, on the contrary, a glorious and luminous reality. Just how it was achieved remains subject to debate. Reason and Culture (1992)

„Philosophy is explicitness, generality, orientation and assessment.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: Philosophy is explicitness, generality, orientation and assessment. That which one would insinuate, thereof one must speak. p. 265

Pubblicità

„The way forward does not lie in amateur and comically timeless linguistic sociology which takes ‘forms of life’ for granted (and this is what philosophy has been recently), but in the systematic study of forms of life which does not take them for granted at all.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: The way forward does not lie in amateur and comically timeless linguistic sociology which takes ‘forms of life’ for granted (and this is what philosophy has been recently), but in the systematic study of forms of life which does not take them for granted at all. It hardly matters whether such an inquiry is called philosophy or sociology. The crisis in the humanities and in the mainstream of philosophy (1964), reprinted in The Devil in Modern Philosophy (1974)

„It is the Soft Porn of Irrationalism.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: Wittgenstein's appeal lies in the fact that he provides a strange kind of vindication of romanticism, of conceptual Gemeinschaft, of custom-based concepts rather than statute-seeking Reform, and that he does so through a very general theory of meaning, rather than from the premisses habitually used for this purpose. Because there is no unique formal notation valid for all speech, each and every culture is vindicated. One never knew that could be done — and so quickly too! It is that above all which endows his philosophy with such a capacity to attract and to repel. His mystique of consensual custom denies that anything can sit in judgment of our concepts, that some may be more rational and others less so. So all of them are in order and have nothing to fear from philosophy, as indeed he insists. This is a fairly mild form of irrationalism, invoking no fierce dark Gods, merely a consensual community. It is the Soft Porn of Irrationalism. Concepts and Community, in Relativism and the Social Sciences (1985)

„When knowledge is the slave of social considerations, it defines a special class; when it serves its own ends only, it no longer does so.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: When knowledge is the slave of social considerations, it defines a special class; when it serves its own ends only, it no longer does so. There is of course a profound logic in this paradox: genuine knowledge is egalitarian in that it allows no privileged source, testers, messengers of Truth. It tolerates no privileged and circumscribed data. The autonomy of knowledge is a leveller. Plough, Sword and Book (1988)

„Civil Society is a cluster of institutions and associations strong enough to prevent tyranny, but which are, none the less, entered and left freely, rather than imposed by birth or sustained by awesome ritual.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: Civil Society is a cluster of institutions and associations strong enough to prevent tyranny, but which are, none the less, entered and left freely, rather than imposed by birth or sustained by awesome ritual. You can join the Labour Party without slaughtering a sheep...

„Addicts would be subject to blackmail.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

„Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

Pubblicità

„I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics.“

— Ernest Gellner
Context: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

„Just as every girl should have a husband, preferably her own, so every culture must have its state, preferably its own.“

— Ernest Gellner
The Coming of Nationalism and Its Interpretation: The Myths of Nation and Class in Mapping the Nation

Pubblicità
Avanti
Anniversari di oggi
 Elisa foto
Elisa53
cantautrice, polistrumentista e produttrice discografica... 1977
Italo Svevo foto
Italo Svevo107
poeta, scrittore 1861 - 1928
Emily Brontë foto
Emily Brontë36
scrittrice e poetessa inglese 1818 - 1848
Gianni Brera foto
Gianni Brera72
giornalista e scrittore italiano 1919 - 1992
Altri 65 anniversari oggi
Autori simili
Émile Durkheim foto
Émile Durkheim5
sociologo, antropologo e storico delle religioni francese
Ida Magli foto
Ida Magli40
antropologa italiana
René Girard foto
René Girard12
critico letterario e antropologo francese
Umberto Galimberti foto
Umberto Galimberti97
filosofo e psicoanalista italiano
Zygmunt Bauman foto
Zygmunt Bauman63
sociologo e filosofo polacco
Rudolf Steiner foto
Rudolf Steiner61
filosofo, esoterista e pedagogista austriaco
Jean Baudrillard foto
Jean Baudrillard36
filosofo e sociologo francese
Mircea Eliade foto
Mircea Eliade29
storico delle religioni e scrittore rumeno
Herbert Marcuse foto
Herbert Marcuse27
filosofo, sociologo e politologo tedesco