Frasi di Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt photo
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Data di nascita: 30. Gennaio 1882
Data di morte: 12. Aprile 1945
Altri nomi: Франклин Рузвельт

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, comunemente chiamato Franklin Roosevelt, Roosevelt o solo FDR , è stato un politico statunitense, 32º presidente degli Stati Uniti d'America.

Figura centrale del XX secolo, è stato l'unico presidente degli Stati Uniti a essere eletto per più di due mandati consecutivi, vincendo le elezioni presidenziali per quattro volte , rimanendo in carica dal 1933 fino alla sua morte, nell'aprile del 1945, poco dopo l'inizio del quarto mandato.

Larga parte della sua fama è dovuta al vasto e radicale programma di riforme economiche e sociali attuato fra il 1933 e il 1937, conosciuto con il nome di New Deal, grazie al quale gli Stati Uniti riuscirono a superare la grande depressione dei primi anni trenta. Fra le sue più importanti innovazioni vanno ricordati il Social Security Act — con il quale vennero introdotte per la prima volta negli Stati Uniti l'assistenza sociale e le indennità di disoccupazione e vecchiaia — e la creazione della Securities and Exchange Commission , l'Agenzia federale per il controllo del mercato azionario.

Coinvolse gli Stati Uniti nella seconda guerra mondiale a seguito dell'attacco di Pearl Harbor e con il suo ottimismo, la sua calma e la sua capacità di giudizio, ebbe un ruolo di grande rilievo nel grandioso sviluppo della potenza militare statunitense, nella conduzione politico-strategica della guerra, nel consolidamento della "Grande Alleanza" con il Regno Unito di Winston Churchill e l'Unione Sovietica di Stalin e nelle decisioni geopolitiche della fase finale del conflitto. Sostenne anche, a partire dal 1942, lo sviluppo e la costruzione delle prime bombe atomiche della storia dell'umanità che verranno impiegate dal suo successore Harry Truman sulle città di Hiroshima e Nagasaki, in Giappone. Diede inoltre un contributo fondamentale alla formazione dell'Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite.

Roosevelt è spesso considerato dagli studiosi fra i tre più popolari presidenti degli Stati Uniti, assieme a Abraham Lincoln e George Washington.

Frasi Franklin Delano Roosevelt

„Fai quello che puoi con quello che hai nel posto in cui sei.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Origine: Citato nel programma televisivo Che tempo che fa, RaiTre, 8 gennaio 2011 e in Luciana Littizzetto, I dolori del giovane Walter, Mondadori, 2010.

„In questo 10 giugno, la mano che teneva il pugnale l'ha affondato nella schiena del suo vicino.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Origine: Commentando la dichiarazione di guerra dell'Italia contro Gran Bretagna e Francia, Washington 10 giugno 1940; citato in storiaxxisecolo.it http://www.storiaxxisecolo.it/secondaguerra/sgmcampagnafrancia.htm

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„Più che una fine della guerra, vogliamo una fine dei principi di tutte le guerre.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Origine: Messaggio radiofonico alla nazione per il Jefferson Day, 13 aprile 1945.

„Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Address at Madison Square Garden (1936)
Contesto: We had to struggle with the old enemies of peace — business and financial monopoly, speculation, reckless banking, class antagonism, sectionalism, war profiteering. They had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob. Never before in all our history have these forces been so united against one candidate as they stand today. They are unanimous in their hate for me — and I welcome their hatred.

„That superiority has gone — forever.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

(British Pathé newsreel · They're Going To Get It - Roosevelt (1943) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_V6tL6QRQs)
1940s, State of the Union Address (1943)
Contesto: I cannot tell you when or where the United Nations are going to strike next in Europe. But we are going to strike — and strike hard. I cannot tell you whether we are going to hit them in Norway, or through the Low Countries, or in France, or through Sardinia or Sicily, or through the Balkans, or through Poland — or at several points simultaneously. But I can tell you that no matter where and when we strike by land, we and the British and the Russians will hit them from the air heavily and relentlessly. Day in and day out we shall heap tons upon tons of high explosives on their war factories and utilities and seaports.
Hitler and Mussolini will understand now the enormity of their miscalculations — that the Nazis would always have the advantage of superior air power as they did when they bombed Warsaw, and Rotterdam, and London and Coventry. That superiority has gone — forever.
Yes, we believe that the Nazis and the Fascists have asked for it — and they are going to get it.

„They are unanimous in their hate for me — and I welcome their hatred.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Address at Madison Square Garden (1936)
Contesto: We had to struggle with the old enemies of peace — business and financial monopoly, speculation, reckless banking, class antagonism, sectionalism, war profiteering. They had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob. Never before in all our history have these forces been so united against one candidate as they stand today. They are unanimous in their hate for me — and I welcome their hatred.

„Throughout the world, change is the order of the day.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, State of the Union Address (1935)
Contesto: Throughout the world, change is the order of the day. In every Nation economic problems, long in the making, have brought crises of many kinds for which the masters of old practice and theory were unprepared. In most Nations social justice, no longer a distant ideal, has become a definite goal, and ancient Governments are beginning to heed the call.
Thus, the American people do not stand alone in the world in their desire for change. We seek it through tested liberal traditions, through processes which retain all of the deep essentials of that republican form of representative government first given to a troubled world by the United States.

„I am that kind of conservative because I am that kind of liberal.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

Roosevelt here slightly misquotes Thomas Babington Macaulay, who in a speech on parliamentary reform (2 March 1831) asserted: "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us, Reform, that you may preserve."
1930s, Address at the Democratic State Convention, Syracuse, New York (1936)
Contesto: The true conservative seeks to protect the system of private property and free enterprise by correcting such injustices and inequalities as arise from it. The most serious threat to our institutions comes from those who refuse to face the need for change. Liberalism becomes the protection for the far-sighted conservative.
Never has a Nation made greater strides in the safeguarding of democracy than we have made during the past three years. Wise and prudent men — intelligent conservatives — have long known that in a changing world worthy institutions can be conserved only by adjusting them to the changing time. In the words of the great essayist, "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us. Reform if you would preserve." I am that kind of conservative because I am that kind of liberal.

„If civilization is to survive, the principles of the Prince of Peace must be restored. Shattered trust between nations must be revived. Most important of all, the will for peace on the part of peace-loving nations must express itself to the end that nations that may be tempted to violate their agreements and the rights of others will desist from such a cause. There must be positive endeavors to preserve peace.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt

1930s, Quarantine Speech (1937)
Contesto: If civilization is to survive, the principles of the Prince of Peace must be restored. Shattered trust between nations must be revived. Most important of all, the will for peace on the part of peace-loving nations must express itself to the end that nations that may be tempted to violate their agreements and the rights of others will desist from such a cause. There must be positive endeavors to preserve peace. America hates war. America hopes for peace. Therefore, America actively engages in the search for peace.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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