Frasi di Galeno
Data di nascita: 129
Data di morte: 216
Altri nomi:Клавдий Гален
Galeno di Pergamo è stato un medico greco antico, i cui punti di vista hanno dominato la medicina occidentale per tredici secoli, fino al Rinascimento, quando si cominciò lentamente e con grande cautela a metterli in discussione, per esempio dall'opera di Vesalio. Dal suo nome deriva la Galenica, arte di preparare i farmaci dal Farmacista in Farmacia.
„Dal momento che è una parte e un frammento di quel grande essere animato che è il cosmo, il feto, mentre rimane nascosto nelle parti più interne, presenta la struttura dell'aggregato di cui fa parte; quando poi si separa da esso ed esce fuori dalle profondità, come se uscisse dal caos, allora abbraccia con affetto ciò che è suo cospecifico e che ha natura simile a esso per mezzo di attività manifeste. Infatti comincia a muoversi con movimenti autonomi.“
„I peli che crescono sulle guance non soltanto le riparano, ma le completano accorciandole in modo ordinato. Essi infatti danno un tocco di veneranda mascolinità all'individuo, soprattutto con il passare degli anni e soprattutto se ricoprono tutte le guance in ogni loro punto e per bene. Per lo stesso motivo la natura ha lasciato privi di peli e spogli i cosiddetti pomi e il naso. Diversamente, il volto dell'uomo assumerebbe un aspetto selvatico e ferino, e dunque per niente appropriato a un essere mansueto e socievole.“
„Non è ancora sufficientemente chiaro se gli esseri animati che si dicono bruti siano privi di ragione. Forse infatti, quantunque non siano forniti di quella ragione, chiamata enunciativa, che si manifesta con una voce comune con noi, senza dubbio però hanno in comune con noi quella che si riceve con l'anima, e che si chiama ragione capace di affetti, quantunque alcuni ne abbiano in misura maggiore e altri in misura minore.“
„For truly on countless occasions throughout my life I have had this experience; persons for a time talk pleasantly with me because of my work among the sick, in which they think me very well trained, but when they learn later on that I am also trained in mathematics, they avoid me for the most part and are no longer at all glad to be with me.“
Context: A god, as I have said, commanded me to tell the first use also, and he himself knows that I have shrunk from its obscurity. He knows too that not only here but also in many other places in these commentaries, if it depended on me, I would omit demonstrations requiring astronomy, geometry, music, or any other logical discipline, lest my books should be held in utter detestation by physicians. For truly on countless occasions throughout my life I have had this experience; persons for a time talk pleasantly with me because of my work among the sick, in which they think me very well trained, but when they learn later on that I am also trained in mathematics, they avoid me for the most part and are no longer at all glad to be with me. Accordingly, I am always wary of touching on such subjects, and in this case it is only in obedience to the command of a divinity, as I have said, that I have used the theorems of geometry Galen. Margaret Tallmadge May (trans.) On the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body, Ithaca, New York: Cornell U. Press, 1968. p. 502.
„The fact is that those who are enslaved to their sects are not merely devoid of all sound knowledge, but they will not even stop to learn!“
Galen, On the Natural Faculties, Bk. 1, sect. 13; cited from Arthur John Brock (trans.) On the Natural Faculties (London: Heinemann, 1963) p. 57.
„Diogenes compared them to fig-trees growing over precipices; for their fruit was devoured by daws and crows, not by men.“
Galen, on Diogenes's views on the ignorant rich, in Exhortation to Study the Arts, Wakefield (1796), p. 217; cf. Stobaeus, iv. 31b. 48.
„It would be better, I think, for the man who really seeks the truth not to ask what the poets say; rather, he should first learn the method of finding the scientific premises that I discussed in the second book; then he should train and exercise himself in this method; and when his training is sufficiently advanced, then, as he approaches each particular problem, he should enquire into the premise needed for proving it, which premise he should take from simple sense-perception, which from experience, whether drawn from life or from the arts, which from the truths clearly apprehended by the mind, in order to draw out from them the desired conclusion.“
Galen, On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato,: PHP III 8.35.1-11 translation: De Lacy, Phillip (1978- 1984) Galen, On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato, Berlin. p. 233; cited in: Christopher Jon Elliott. "Galen, Rome and the Second Sophistic." p. 147-8.
„Diogenes the Cynic, it is related, was mighty of all people in regard to everything from self-control to endurance. He indulged in sexual lusts, not associating it with pleasure, an attractive good thing to some, but because of the harm that the retention of semen would cause if he avoided the habit of releasing it. When a prostitute who promised to visit him was delayed for some time, he rubbed his genitals with his hand, ejecting semen. After the whore arrived, he sent her away, saying: "my hand celebrated the wedding-hymn first." But it is clearly correct that, likewise, the disciplined man does not on account of pleasure indulge in lusts, but in order to relieve the hindrance acting as if this was not associated with pleasure.“
Galen, On the Affected Parts, Alard (1813), p. 104.
Galen (30-200 A.D.), in: Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, (1973), p. 19.
In: Day's Collacon: an Encyclopaedia of Prose Quotations, (1884), p. 223.
„Diogenes received an invitation to dine with one whose house was splendidly furnished, in the highest order and taste, and nothing therein wanting. Diogenes, hawking, and as if about to spit, looked in all directions, and finding nothing adapted thereto, spat right in the face of the master. He, indignant, asked why he did so? "Because," Diogenes, "I saw nothing so dirty and filthy in all your house. For the walls were covered with pictures, the floors of the most precious tessellated character — and ranged with the various images of gods, and other ornamental figures."“
Galen, Exhortation to Study the Arts, Coxe (1846), p. 479; cf. Diogenes Laërtius, vi. 32.
Galen, On the Natural Faculties, Bk. 2, sect. 3; cited from Arthur John Brock (trans.) On the Natural Faculties (London: Heinemann, 1963) p. 139.