Frasi di Horace Greeley
Data di nascita: 3. Febbraio 1811
Data di morte: 29. Novembre 1872
Horace Greeley è stato un giornalista statunitense.
Dopo aver lasciato la scuola a 14 anni fu apprendista tipografo presso Amos Bliss, editore del Northern Spectator. Nel 1831 si recò a New York per fare fortuna come editore. Nel 1836 sposò la suffragetta Mary Cheney Greeley.
Nel 1833 fondò a New York il giornale The Morning Post, ma, fallito molto presto quest'ultimo, fondò nel 1834 il New Yorker, che venne poi rifuso nell'aprile 1841 nel quotidiano New York Tribune , nel 1838 il The Jeffersonian, nel 1840 The Log Cabine.
La fondazione del The New York Daily Tribune rappresentò la svolta per Greeley. Si trattava di un giornale che proponeva l'abolizione dello schiavismo. La linea politica di Greeley era quella di un socialismo patriottico sui generis, fondato sull'idea di una comunità urbana corporativa, basata sull'unione delle classi sociali nella produzione e nel consumo. Greeley condusse un'aspra critica al libero mercato capitalista, che rischiava di annullare le virtù della cooperazione e della solidarietà. Inoltre egli introdusse il mito della frontiera come luogo delle opportunità: "Vai nel West, ragazzo, e cresci insieme al paese", era uno dei suoi slogan celebri. A partire dal settembre 1841, al quotidiano, si affiancò un settimanale: il Weekly Tribune , alla cui redazione partecipò per un periodo da Londra anche Marx.
Greeley fu deputato per New York dal 4 dicembre 1848 al 3 marzo 1849.
Durante la guerra di secessione americana Greeley parteggiò per i nordisti di Abraham Lincoln, propugnando attraverso il suo giornale radicali riforme.
Convinto protezionista, nel 1870 pubblicò la sua opera di carattere economico Essays des igned to eluciditate the science of political economy.
Avverso alla dilagante corruzione pubblica della presidenza di Ulysses Simpson Grant, nel 1872 fu candidato alla presidenza degli Stati Uniti d'America per il Partito repubblicano con il supporto del Partito Democratico, ma i suoi propositi fallirono miseramente. Greeley inoltre è l'unico candidato della storia degli USA ad essere morto prima del conteggio dei voti.
Il politico tedesco Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, Ministro dell'Economia nel regime nazista di Adolf Hitler dal 1935 al 1937, fu battezzato così in suo onore.
Frasi Horace Greeley
„We must have scouts, guides, spies, cooks, teamsters, diggers and choppers from the Blacks of the South, whether we allow them to fight for us or not, or we shall be baffled and repelled“
— Horace Greeley
Context: IX. I close as I began with the statement that what an immense majority of the Loyal Millions of your countrymen require of you is a frank, declared, unqualified, ungrudging execution of the laws of the land, more especially of the Confiscation Act. That Act gives freedom to the slaves of Rebels coming within our lines, or whom those lines may at any time inclose--we ask you to render it due obedience by publicly requiring all your subordinates to recognize and obey it. The rebels are everywhere using the late anti-negro riots in the North, as they have long used your officers' treatment of negroes in the South, to convince the slaves that they have nothing to hope from a Union success-that we mean in that case to sell them into a bitter bondage to defray the cost of war. Let them impress this as a truth on the great mass of their ignorant and credulous bondsmen, and the Union will never be restored-never. We cannot conquer Ten Millions of People united in solid phalanx against us, powerfully aided by the Northern sympathizers and European allies. We must have scouts, guides, spies, cooks, teamsters, diggers and choppers from the Blacks of the South, whether we allow them to fight for us or not, or we shall be baffled and repelled. As one of the millions who would gladly have avoided this struggle at any sacrifice but that Principle and Honor, but who now feel that the triumph of the Union is dispensable not only to the existence of our country to the well being of mankind, I entreat you to render a hearty and unequivocal obedience to the law of the land.
— Horace Greeley
Reply to a missionary who asked Greeley for a subscription to "help keep people from going to hell", as quoted in "Grab-bag Education", The Book of Journeyman (1930) by Albert Jay Nock
„VII. Let me call your attention to the recent tragedy in New Orleans, whereof the facts are obtained entirely through Pro-Slavery channels. A considerable body of resolute, able-bodied men, held in Slavery by two Rebel sugar-planters in defiance of the Confiscation Act which you have approved, left plantations thirty miles distant and made their way to the great mart of the South-West, which they knew to be the indisputed possession of the Union forces. They made their way safely and quietly through thirty miles of Rebel territory, expecting to find freedom under the protection of our flag. Whether they had or had not heard of the passage of the Confiscation Act, they reasoned logically that we could not kill them for deserting the service of their lifelong oppressors, who had through treason become our implacable enemies. They came to us for liberty and protection, for which they were willing render their best service: they met with hostility, captivity, and murder. The barking of the base curs of Slavery in this quarter deceives no one--not even themselves. They say, indeed, that the negroes had no right to appear in New Orleans armed (with their implements of daily labor in the cane-field); but no one doubts that they would gladly have laid these down if assured that they should be free. They were set upon and maimed, captured and killed, because they sought the benefit of that act of Congress which they may not specifically have heard of, but which was none the less the law of the land which they had a clear right to the benefit of--which it was somebody's duty to publish far and wide, in order that so many as possible should be impelled to desist from serving Rebels and the Rebellion and come over to the side of the Union, They sought their liberty in strict accordance with the law of the land--they were butchered or re-enslaved for so doing by the help of Union soldiers enlisted to fight against slaveholding Treason. It was somebody's fault that they were so murdered--if others shall hereafter stuffer in like manner, in default of explicit and public directions to your generals that they are to recognize and obey the Confiscation Act, the world will lay the blame on you. Whether you will choose to hear it through future History and 'at the bar of God, I will not judge. I can only hope.“
— Horace Greeley
As quoted in The American Conflict, A History of the Great Rebellion (1864).
„IV. We think timid counsels in such a crisis calculated to prove perilous, and probably disastrous. It is the duty of a Government so wantonly, wickedly assailed by Rebellion as ours has been to oppose force to force in a defiant, dauntless spirit. It cannot afford to temporize with traitors nor with semi-traitors. It must not bribe them to behave themselves, nor make cheat fair promises in the hope of disarming their causeless hostility. Representing a brave and high-spirited people, it can afford to forfeit anything else better than its own self-respect, or their admiring confidence. For our Government even to seek, after war has been made on it, to dispel the affected apprehensions of armed traitors that their cherished privileges may be assailed by it, is to invite insult and encourage hopes of its own downfall. The rush to arms of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, is the true answer at once to the Rebel raids of John Morgan and the traitorous sophistries of Beriah Magoffin.“
„I do not intrude to tell you--for you must know already--that a great proportion of those who triumphed in you election, and of all who desire the unqualified suppression of the Rebellion now desolating our country, are sorely disappointed and deeply pained by the policy you seem to be pursuing with regard to the slaves of the Rebels. I write only to set succinctly and unmistakably before you what we require, what we think we have a right to expect, and of what we complain.“
„II. We think you are strangely and disastrously remiss in the discharge of your official and imperative duty with regard to the emancipating provisions of the new Confiscation Act. Those provisions were designed to fight Slavery with Liberty. They prescribe that men loyal to the Union, and willing to shed their blood in her behalf, shall no longer be held, with the Nations consent, in bondage to persistent, malignant traitors, who for twenty years have been plotting and for sixteen months have been fighting to divide and destroy our country. Why these traitors should be treated with tenderness by you, to the prejudice of the dearest rights of loyal men, We cannot conceive.“
„One of the most happiest and most convincing political arguments ever made in this City... No man ever made such an impression on his first appeal to a New-York audience.“
— Horace Greeley
As quoted in New York Tribune (28 February 1860).
„The Republic needed to be passed through chastening, purifying fires of adversity and suffering: so these came and did their work and the verdure of a new national life springs greenly, luxuriantly, from their ashes.“
— Horace Greeley
Greeley on Lincoln (1893), edited by Joel Benton, p. 78.
„My leading idea was the establishment of a journal removed alike from servile partisanship on the one hand and from gagged, mincing neutrality on the other.“
— Horace Greeley
On the founding of the New-York Tribune, in [http://books.google.com/books?id=wQgxAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA137 Recollections of a Busy Life] (1868), p. 137.
„VI. We complain that the Confiscation Act which you approved is habitually disregarded by your Generals, and that no word of rebuke for them from you has yet reached the public ear. Fremont's Proclamation and Hunter's Order favoring Emancipation were promptly annulled by you; while Halleck's No. 3, forbidding fugitives from Slavery to Rebels to come within his lines-- an order as unmilitary as inhuman, and which received the hearty approbation of every traitor in America-- with scores of like tendency, have never provoked even your own remonstrance. We complain that the officers of your Armies have habitually repelled rather than invited approach of slaves who would have gladly taken the risks of escaping from their Rebel masters to our camps, bringing intelligence often of inestimable value to the Union cause. We complain that those who have thus escaped to us, avowing a willingness to do for us whatever might be required, have been brutally and madly repulsed, and often surrendered to be scourged, maimed and tortured by the ruffian traitors, who pretend to own them. We complain that a large proportion of our regular Army Officers, with many of the Volunteers, evince far more solicitude to uphold Slavery than to put down the Rebellion. And finally, we complain that you, Mr. President, elected as a Republican, knowing well what an abomination Slavery is, and how emphatically it is the core and essence of this atrocious Rebellion, seem never to interfere with these atrocities, and never give a direction to your Military subordinates, which does not appear to have been conceived in the interest of Slavery rather than of Freedom.“
„[U]nder the Constitution in its most liberal interpretation, and admitting our cherished American doctrine of equal human rights, if a white man pleases to marry a black woman, the mere fact that she is black gives no one a right to interfere to prevent or set aside such marriage.“
— Horace Greeley
[https://archive.org/stream/horacegreeleysvi00gree#page/2/mode/2up HORACE GREELEY’S VIEWS ON VIRGINIA 2] (1872)