Frasi di Horace Greeley

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Horace Greeley

Data di nascita: 3. Febbraio 1811
Data di morte: 29. Novembre 1872

Pubblicità

Horace Greeley è stato un giornalista statunitense.

Dopo aver lasciato la scuola a 14 anni fu apprendista tipografo presso Amos Bliss, editore del Northern Spectator. Nel 1831 si recò a New York per fare fortuna come editore. Nel 1836 sposò la suffragetta Mary Cheney Greeley.

Nel 1833 fondò a New York il giornale The Morning Post, ma, fallito molto presto quest'ultimo, fondò nel 1834 il New Yorker, che venne poi rifuso nell'aprile 1841 nel quotidiano New York Tribune , nel 1838 il The Jeffersonian, nel 1840 The Log Cabine.

La fondazione del The New York Daily Tribune rappresentò la svolta per Greeley. Si trattava di un giornale che proponeva l'abolizione dello schiavismo. La linea politica di Greeley era quella di un socialismo patriottico sui generis, fondato sull'idea di una comunità urbana corporativa, basata sull'unione delle classi sociali nella produzione e nel consumo. Greeley condusse un'aspra critica al libero mercato capitalista, che rischiava di annullare le virtù della cooperazione e della solidarietà. Inoltre egli introdusse il mito della frontiera come luogo delle opportunità: "Vai nel West, ragazzo, e cresci insieme al paese", era uno dei suoi slogan celebri. A partire dal settembre 1841, al quotidiano, si affiancò un settimanale: il Weekly Tribune , alla cui redazione partecipò per un periodo da Londra anche Marx.

Greeley fu deputato per New York dal 4 dicembre 1848 al 3 marzo 1849.

Durante la guerra di secessione americana Greeley parteggiò per i nordisti di Abraham Lincoln, propugnando attraverso il suo giornale radicali riforme.

Convinto protezionista, nel 1870 pubblicò la sua opera di carattere economico Essays des igned to eluciditate the science of political economy.

Avverso alla dilagante corruzione pubblica della presidenza di Ulysses Simpson Grant, nel 1872 fu candidato alla presidenza degli Stati Uniti d'America per il Partito repubblicano con il supporto del Partito Democratico, ma i suoi propositi fallirono miseramente. Greeley inoltre è l'unico candidato della storia degli USA ad essere morto prima del conteggio dei voti.

Il politico tedesco Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, Ministro dell'Economia nel regime nazista di Adolf Hitler dal 1935 al 1937, fu battezzato così in suo onore.

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Frasi Horace Greeley

Pubblicità

„We must have scouts, guides, spies, cooks, teamsters, diggers and choppers from the Blacks of the South, whether we allow them to fight for us or not, or we shall be baffled and repelled“

—  Horace Greeley
Context: IX. I close as I began with the statement that what an immense majority of the Loyal Millions of your countrymen require of you is a frank, declared, unqualified, ungrudging execution of the laws of the land, more especially of the Confiscation Act. That Act gives freedom to the slaves of Rebels coming within our lines, or whom those lines may at any time inclose--we ask you to render it due obedience by publicly requiring all your subordinates to recognize and obey it. The rebels are everywhere using the late anti-negro riots in the North, as they have long used your officers' treatment of negroes in the South, to convince the slaves that they have nothing to hope from a Union success-that we mean in that case to sell them into a bitter bondage to defray the cost of war. Let them impress this as a truth on the great mass of their ignorant and credulous bondsmen, and the Union will never be restored-never. We cannot conquer Ten Millions of People united in solid phalanx against us, powerfully aided by the Northern sympathizers and European allies. We must have scouts, guides, spies, cooks, teamsters, diggers and choppers from the Blacks of the South, whether we allow them to fight for us or not, or we shall be baffled and repelled. As one of the millions who would gladly have avoided this struggle at any sacrifice but that Principle and Honor, but who now feel that the triumph of the Union is dispensable not only to the existence of our country to the well being of mankind, I entreat you to render a hearty and unequivocal obedience to the law of the land.

„My leading idea was the establishment of a journal removed alike from servile partisanship on the one hand and from gagged, mincing neutrality on the other.“

—  Horace Greeley
On the founding of the New-York Tribune, in Recollections of a Busy Life http://books.google.com/books?id=wQgxAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA137 (1868), p. 137.

„If any young man is about to commence the world, we say to him, publicly and privately, Go to the West.“

—  Horace Greeley
As quoted in New Yorker (25 August 1838); often paraphrased as "Go west, young man, and grow up with the country", sometimes misattributed to John L. Soule https://books.google.com/books?id=UaTQAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA361&lpg=PA361&dq=+Go+to+the+West.&source=bl&ots=3ys4effVfR&sig=Jq3JDde6ZjCDefVWimZOReHOTlE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_xPaVNOLJIS7ggS47YPQCw&ved=0CCAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22%20publicly%20and%20privately%2C%20Go%20to%20the%20West.&f=false

Pubblicità

„There aren't half enough of them going there as it is.“

—  Horace Greeley
Reply to a missionary who asked Greeley for a subscription to "help keep people from going to hell", as quoted in "Grab-bag Education", The Book of Journeyman (1930) by Albert Jay Nock

Pubblicità

„V. We complain that the Union cause has suffered, and is now suffering immensely, from mistaken deference to Rebel Slavery. Had you, Sir, in your Inaugural Address, unmistakably given notice that, in case the Rebellion already commenced were persisted in, and your efforts to preserve the Union and enforce the laws should be resisted by armed force, you would recognize no loyal person as rightfully held in Slavery by a traitor, we believe the Rebellion would therein have received a staggering if not fatal blow. At that moment, according to the returns of the most recent elections, the Unionists were a large majority of the voters of the Slave States. But they were composed in good part of the aged, the feeble, the wealthy, the timid--the young, the reckless, the aspiring, the adventurous, had already been largely lured by the gamblers and negro-traders, the politicians by trade and the conspirators by instinct, into the toils of Treason. Had you then proclaimed that Rebellion would strike the shackles from the slaves of every traitor, the wealthy and the cautious would have been supplied with a powerful inducement to remain loyal. As it was, every coward in the South soon became a traitor from fear; for Loyalty was perilous, while Treason seemed comparatively safe. Hence the boasted unanimity of the South--a unanimity based on Rebel terrorism and the fact that immunity and safety were found on that side, danger and probable death on ours. The Rebels from the first have been eager to confiscate, imprison, scourge and kill: we have fought wolves with the devices of sheep. The result is just what might have been expected. Tens of thousands are fighting in the Rebel ranks to-day whose, original bias and natural leanings would have led them into ours.“

—  Horace Greeley

„VI. We complain that the Confiscation Act which you approved is habitually disregarded by your Generals, and that no word of rebuke for them from you has yet reached the public ear. Fremont's Proclamation and Hunter's Order favoring Emancipation were promptly annulled by you; while Halleck's No. 3, forbidding fugitives from Slavery to Rebels to come within his lines-- an order as unmilitary as inhuman, and which received the hearty approbation of every traitor in America-- with scores of like tendency, have never provoked even your own remonstrance. We complain that the officers of your Armies have habitually repelled rather than invited approach of slaves who would have gladly taken the risks of escaping from their Rebel masters to our camps, bringing intelligence often of inestimable value to the Union cause. We complain that those who have thus escaped to us, avowing a willingness to do for us whatever might be required, have been brutally and madly repulsed, and often surrendered to be scourged, maimed and tortured by the ruffian traitors, who pretend to own them. We complain that a large proportion of our regular Army Officers, with many of the Volunteers, evince far more solicitude to uphold Slavery than to put down the Rebellion. And finally, we complain that you, Mr. President, elected as a Republican, knowing well what an abomination Slavery is, and how emphatically it is the core and essence of this atrocious Rebellion, seem never to interfere with these atrocities, and never give a direction to your Military subordinates, which does not appear to have been conceived in the interest of Slavery rather than of Freedom.“

—  Horace Greeley

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