Frasi di Leszek Kołakowski

Leszek Kołakowski photo
1   1

Leszek Kołakowski

Data di nascita: 23. Ottobre 1927
Data di morte: 17. Luglio 2009

Leszek Kołakowski è stato un filosofo, storico, saggista e storico delle idee polacco naturalizzato britannico, noto soprattutto per la sua analisi critica del marxismo proposta nel saggio in tre volumi Nascita, sviluppo, dissoluzione del marxismo .

Per la sua erudizione e prolificità ha ottenuto diversi riconoscimenti durante la propria carriera, tra cui il Premio Erasmo nel 1983, lo Jerusalem Prize nel 2007 e la fellowship dell'All Souls College di Oxford e della British Academy.

Frasi Leszek Kołakowski

„Fascist was, by definition, a person who happened to have been in jail in a communist country.“

—  Leszek Kolakowski

"My Correct Views on Everything" (1974)
Contesto: When I collect my experiences, I notice that fascist is a person who holds one of the following beliefs (by way of example): 1) That people should wash themselves, rather than go dirty; 2) that freedom of the press in America is preferable to the ownership of the whole press by one ruling party; 3) that people should not be jailed for their opinions. both communist and anti-communist - 4), that racial criteria, in favour of either whites or blacks, are inadvisable in admission to Universities; 5 ) that torture is condemnable, no matter who applies it. (Roughly speaking "fascist" was the same as "liberal".) Fascist was, by definition, a person who happened to have been in jail in a communist country. The refugees from Czechoslovakia in 1968 were sometimes met in Germany by very progressive and absolutely revolutionary leftists with placards saying "fascism will not pass".

„Marxism has been the greatest fantasy of our century.“

—  Leszek Kolakowski

Epilogue, p. 1206
Main Currents Of Marxism (1978)
Contesto: Marxism has been the greatest fantasy of our century. It was a dream offering the prospect of a society of perfect unity, in which all human aspirations would be fulfilled and all values reconciled.

„The proletariat thus shared its dictatorship with nobody. As to the question of the "majority", this never troubled Lenin much. In an article "Constitutional Illusions" (Aug. 1917; Works, vol. 25, p. 201) he wrote: "in time of revolution it is not enough to ascertain the ‘ will of the majority’ – you must prove to be stronger at the decisive moment and at the decisive place; you must win … We have seen innumerable examples of the better organized, more politically conscious and better armed minority forcing its will upon the majority and defeating it." (pg. 503) Trotsky, however, answers questions [in The Defence of Terrorism] that Lenin evaded or ignored. "Where is your guarantee, certain wise men ask us, that it is just your party that expresses the interests of historical development? Destroying or driving underground the other parties, you have thereby prevented their political competition with you, and consequently you have deprived yourselves of the possibility of testing your line of action." Trotsky replies: "This idea is dictated by a purely liberal conception of the course of the revolution. In a period in which all antagonisms assume an open character; and the political struggle swiftly passes into a civil war, the ruling party has sufficient material standard by which to test its line of action, without the possible circulation of Menshevik papers. Noske crushes the Communists, but they grow. We have suppressed the Mensheviks and the S. R. s [Socialist Republics] … and they have disappeared. This criterion is sufficient for us" (p. 101). This is one of the most enlightening theoretical formulations of Bolshevism, from which it appears that the "rightness" of a historical movement or a state is to be judged by whether its use of violence is successful. Noske did not succeed in crushing the German Communists, but Hitler did; it would thus follow from Trotsky’ s rule that Hitler "expressed the interests of historical development". Stalin liquidated the Trotskyists in Russia, and they disappeared – so evidently Stalin, and not Trotsky, stood for historical progress.“

—  Leszek Kolakowski

pg. 510
Main Currents Of Marxism (1978), Three Volume edition, Volume II, The Golden Age

„To prevent the starving peasants from fleeing to the towns an internal passport system was introduced and unauthorized change of residence was made punishable with imprisonment. Peasants were not allowed passports at all, and were therefore tied to the soil as in the worst days of feudal serfdom: this state of things was not altered until the 1970s. The concentration camps filled with new hordes of prisoners sentenced to hard labour. The object of destroying the peasants’ independence and herding them into collective farms was to create a population of slaves, the benefit of whose labour would accrue to industry. The immediate effect was to reduce Soviet agriculture to a state of decline from which it has not yet recovered, despite innumerable measures of reorganization and reform. At the time of Stalin’ s death, almost a quarter of a century after mass collectivization was initiated, the output of grain per head of population was still below the 1913 level; yet throughout this period, despite misery and starvation, large quantities of farm produce were exported all over the world for the sake of Soviet industry. The terror and oppression of those years cannot be expressed merely by the figures for loss of human life, enormous as these are; perhaps the most vivid picture of what collectivization meant is in Vasily Grossman’ s posthumous novel Forever Flowing.“

—  Leszek Kolakowski

pg. 39
Main Currents Of Marxism (1978), Three Volume edition, Volume III: The Breakdown

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Autori simili

Zygmunt Bauman photo
Zygmunt Bauman63
sociologo e filosofo polacco
Rosa Luxemburg photo
Rosa Luxemburg5
politica, teorica del Socialismo rivoluzionario, tedesca di…
Hannah Arendt photo
Hannah Arendt39
filosofa, storica e scrittrice tedesca
Georges Charpak photo
Georges Charpak2
fisico polacco
Andrzej Sapkowski photo
Andrzej Sapkowski90
scrittore polacco
Ludwig Wittgenstein photo
Ludwig Wittgenstein112
filosofo e logico austriaco
Jiddu Krishnamurti photo
Jiddu Krishnamurti11
filosofo apolide
Faustina Kowalska photo
Faustina Kowalska7
religiosa e santa polacca
George Santayana photo
George Santayana14
filosofo, scrittore e poeta spagnolo
Michel Foucault photo
Michel Foucault24
sociologo, filosofo e psicologo francese
Anniversari di oggi
Donatien Alphonse François de Sade photo
Donatien Alphonse François de Sade44
scrittore, filosofo e poeta francese 1740 - 1814
Papa Pio X photo
Papa Pio X13
257° vescovo di Roma e papa della Chiesa cattolica 1835 - 1914
Rino Gaetano photo
Rino Gaetano209
cantautore italiano 1950 - 1981
Giuseppe Garibaldi photo
Giuseppe Garibaldi110
generale, patriota e condottiero italiano 1807 - 1882
Altri 72 anniversari oggi
Autori simili
Zygmunt Bauman photo
Zygmunt Bauman63
sociologo e filosofo polacco
Rosa Luxemburg photo
Rosa Luxemburg5
politica, teorica del Socialismo rivoluzionario, tedesca di…
Hannah Arendt photo
Hannah Arendt39
filosofa, storica e scrittrice tedesca
Georges Charpak photo
Georges Charpak2
fisico polacco
Andrzej Sapkowski photo
Andrzej Sapkowski90
scrittore polacco
x