Frasi di Daniel Webster

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Daniel Webster

Data di nascita: 18. Gennaio 1782
Data di morte: 25. Ottobre 1852

Daniel Webster è stato un politico statunitense, nel periodo precedente la Guerra civile.

Webster divenne importante con la difesa degli interessi armatoriali del New England. Le sue opinioni politiche nazionalistiche e l'efficacia con cui riusciva ad esporle portarono Webster a divenire uno dei leader più influenti del Partito Whig.

Dopo una lunga pratica come avvocato presso la Corte suprema, dove contribuì a stabilire molti precedenti costituzionali favorevoli all'autorità federale contro gli stati, fu eletto Senatore nel 1827 e mantenne la carica fino al 1850. La sua abilità come Senatore era così riconosciuta che egli fu il terzo membro di quello che fu ed è noto come il Grande Triumvirato con i colleghi Henry Clay e John C. Calhoun .

Il forte favore suo e di Clay per l'unione li spinse spesso alla ricerca di compromessi che evitassero la secessione e la guerra civile . Divenuto Segretario di Stato degli Stati Uniti d'America nel 1841 durante la presidenza di John Tyler negoziò il Webster-Ashburton Treaty il quale fissò definitivamente i confini orientali tra Stati Uniti e Canada; si dimise quello stesso anno e avrebbe riassunto la carica dal 1850 alla morte nel corso della presidenza di Millard Fillmore.

Webster tentò tre volte di diventare Presidente degli Stati Uniti, sempre invano, l'ultima volta proprio a causa dei compromessi.

Frasi Daniel Webster

„Vivo ancora.“

—  Daniel Webster

John Carter of Mars

„God grants liberty only to those who love it, and are always ready to guard and defend it.“

—  Daniel Webster

Speech (3 June 1834); reported in Edward Everett, ed., The Works of Daniel Webster (1851), volume iv, page 47

„Mind is the great lever of all things; human thought is the process by which human ends are ultimately answered;“

—  Daniel Webster

Origine: Address on Laying the Cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument (1825), p. 71
Contesto: Mind is the great lever of all things; human thought is the process by which human ends are ultimately answered; and the diffusion of knowledge, so astonishing in the last half-century, has rendered innumerable minds, variously gifted by nature, competent to be competitors or fellow-workers on the theatre of intellectual operation.

„We wish that this column, rising towards heaven among the pointed spires of so many temples dedicated to God, may contribute also to produce, in all minds, a pious feeling of dependence and gratitude.“

—  Daniel Webster

Origine: Address on Laying the Cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument (1825), p. 62
Contesto: We wish that this column, rising towards heaven among the pointed spires of so many temples dedicated to God, may contribute also to produce, in all minds, a pious feeling of dependence and gratitude. We wish, finally, that the last object to the sight of him who leaves his native shore, and the first to gladden his who revisits it, may be something which shall remind him of the liberty and the glory of his country. Let it rise! let it rise, till it meet the sun in his coming; let the earliest light of the morning gild it, and the parting day linger and play on its summit!

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„America has furnished to the world the character of Washington! And if our American institutions had done nothing else, that alone would have entitled them to the respect of mankind.“

—  Daniel Webster

Origine: On the Completion of the Bunker Hill Monument (1843), p. 105
Contesto: America has furnished to Europe proof of the fact, that popular institutions, founded on equality and the principle of representation, are capable of maintaining governments, able to secure the rights of person, property, and reputation. America has proved that it is practicable to elevate the mass of mankind, — that portion which in Europe is called the laboring, or lower class, — to raise them to self-respect, to make them competent to act a part in the great right and great duty of self-government; and she has proved that this may be done by education and the diffusion of knowledge. America has furnished to the world the character of Washington! And if our American institutions had done nothing else, that alone would have entitled them to the respect of mankind.

„Territories were acquired by fire and sword. Cities were destroyed by fire and sword. Hundreds of thousands of human beings fell by fire and sword. Even conversion to Christianity was attempted by fire and sword.“

—  Daniel Webster

On the Completion of the Bunker Hill Monument (1843)
Contesto: Spain stooped on South America, like a vulture on its prey. Every thing was force. Territories were acquired by fire and sword. Cities were destroyed by fire and sword. Hundreds of thousands of human beings fell by fire and sword. Even conversion to Christianity was attempted by fire and sword.

„Standing armies are the oppressive instruments for governing the people, in the hands of hereditary and arbitrary monarchs.“

—  Daniel Webster

On the Completion of the Bunker Hill Monument (1843)
Contesto: Standing armies are the oppressive instruments for governing the people, in the hands of hereditary and arbitrary monarchs. A military republic, a government founded on mock elections and supported only by the sword, is a movement indeed, but a retrograde and disastrous movement, from the regular and old-fashioned monarchical systems. If men would enjoy the blessings of republican government, they must govern themselves by reason, by mutual counsel and consultation, by a sense and feeling of general interest, and by the acquiescence of the minority in the will of the majority, properly expressed; and, above all, the military must be kept, according to the language of our Bill of Rights, in strict subordination to the civil authority.

„If the true spark of religious and civil liberty be kindled, it will burn.“

—  Daniel Webster

Address on Laying the Cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument (1825)
Contesto: If the true spark of religious and civil liberty be kindled, it will burn. Human agency cannot extinguish it. Like the earth's central fire, it may be smothered for a time; the ocean may overwhelm it; mountains may press it down; but its inherent and unconquerable force will heave both the ocean and the land, and at some time or other, in some place or other, the volcano will break out and flame up to heaven.

„He studies to use his land so as not to abuse it.“

—  Daniel Webster

On the Agriculture of England (1840)
Contesto: An English farmer looks not merely to the present year's crop. He considers what will be the condition of the land when that crop is off; and what it will be fit for the next year. He studies to use his land so as not to abuse it. On the contrary, his aim is to get crop after crop, while still the land shall be growing better and better. If he should content himself with raising from the soil a large crop this year, and then leave it neglected and exhausted, he would starve. It is upon this fundamental idea of constant production without exhaustion, that the system of English cultivation, and, indeed, of all good cultivation, is founded. England is not original in this. Flanders, and perhaps Italy, have been her teachers.

„Let our object be, our country, our whole country, and nothing but our country.“

—  Daniel Webster

Origine: Address on Laying the Cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument (1825), p. 78
Contesto: Let our object be, our country, our whole country, and nothing but our country. And, by the blessing of God, may that country itself become a vast and splendid monument, not of oppression and terror, but of Wisdom, of Peace, and of Liberty, upon which the world may gaze with admiration for ever!

„As there was no liberty in Spain, how could liberty be transmitted to Spanish colonies?“

—  Daniel Webster

On the Completion of the Bunker Hill Monument (1843)
Contesto: From the time of its discovery, the Spanish government pushed forward its settlements in America, not only with vigor, but with eagerness.... The robbery and destruction of the native race was the achievement of standing armies, in the right of the king, and by his authority, fighting in his name, for the aggrandizement of his power and the extension of his prerogatives, with military ideas under arbitrary maxims, — a portion of that dreadful instrumentality by which a perfect despotism governs a people. As there was no liberty in Spain, how could liberty be transmitted to Spanish colonies?

„In a day of peace, let us advance the arts of peace and the works of peace.“

—  Daniel Webster

The last sentence of this quote is incised in marble on the wall of the United States House of Representatives chamber, directly behind the Speaker's chair (with the word "develop" spelled with a final "e").
Address on Laying the Cornerstone of the Bunker Hill Monument (1825)
Contesto: Our proper business is improvement. Let our age be the age of improvement. In a day of peace, let us advance the arts of peace and the works of peace. Let us develop the resources of our land, call forth its powers, build up its institutions, promote all its great interests, and see whether we also, in our day and generation, may not perform something worthy to be remembered.

„A sense of duty pursues us ever. It is omnipresent, like the Deity.“

—  Daniel Webster

Argument on the murder of Captain White (1830)
Contesto: A sense of duty pursues us ever. It is omnipresent, like the Deity. If we take to ourselves the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, duty performed or duty violated is still with us, for our happiness or our misery. If we say the darkness shall cover us, in the darkness as in the light our obligations are yet with us.

„When tillage begins, other arts follow. The farmers, therefore, are the founders of human civilization.“

—  Daniel Webster

Origine: On the Agriculture of England (1840), p. 457
Contesto: Let us never forget that the cultivation of the earth is the most important labor of man. Man may be civilized, in some degree, without great progress in manufactures and with little commerce with his distant neighbors. But without the cultivation of the earth, he is, in all countries, a savage. Until he gives up the chase, and fixes himself in some place and seeks a living from the earth, he is a roaming barbarian. When tillage begins, other arts follow. The farmers, therefore, are the founders of human civilization.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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