Frasi di José Martí

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José Martí

Data di nascita: 28. Gennaio 1853
Data di morte: 19. Maggio 1895

José Julián Martí Pérez è stato un politico, scrittore e rivoluzionario cubano.

Fu un leader del movimento per l'indipendenza cubana; a Cuba è considerato uno dei più grandi eroi nazionali.

„Coltivo una rosa bianca | sia pur nell'avversa stagione, | per l'anima buona, che pone | nella mia la sua mano franca. || Ma per colui che mi abbranca | dal petto il cuore mio vivo, | né cardo né ortica coltivo: | coltivo una rosa bianca.“

—  José Martí

Origine: Da Armilla N. 2, traduzione di V. Errante, Sansoni, Firenze; citato in M. L. Santoli e M. Stanghellini, I grandi libri, volume terzo, Zanichelli, Bologna, 1971, p. 363.

„Ogni vero uomo deve sentire sulla propria guancia lo schiaffo dato sulla guancia di un altro uomo.“

—  José Martí

erroneamente attribuito a Che Guevara; citato in Michael Löwy, Che's Revolutionary Humanism http://monthlyreview.org/1997/10/01/che-revolutionary-humanism, Monthly Review, volume 49, numero 5, ottobre 1997

„Bisogna prendere, non richiedere i diritti; impossessarsene, non elemosinarli.“

—  José Martí

in AA.VV., Il libro della politica, traduzione di Sonia Sferzi, Gribaudo, 2018. ISBN 9788858019429

„I come from all places
and to all places I go“

—  José Martí

I (Yo soy un hombre sincero) as translated by Esther Allen in José Martí : Selected Writings (2002), p. 273
Simple Verses (1891)
Contesto: I come from all places
and to all places I go:
I am art among the arts
and mountain among mountains. I know the strange names
of flowers and herbs
and of fatal deceptions
and magnificent griefs. In night's darkness I've seen
raining down on my head
pure flames, flashing rays
of beauty divine.

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„I know that when the world
surrenders, pallid, to repose,
the murmur of a tranquil stream
through the deep silence flows.“

—  José Martí

I (Yo soy un hombre sincero) as translated by Esther Allen in José Martí : Selected Writings (2002), p. 275
Simple Verses (1891)

„The soul, equal and eternal, emanates from bodies of different shapes and colors. Whoever foments and spreads antagonism and hate between the races, sins against humanity.“

—  José Martí

Our America (1881)
Contesto: There can be no racial animosity, because there are no races. The theorist and feeble thinkers string together and warm over the bookshelf races which the well-disposed observer and the fair-minded traveller vainly seek in the justice of Nature where man's universal identity springs forth from triumphant love and the turbulent hunger for life. The soul, equal and eternal, emanates from bodies of different shapes and colors. Whoever foments and spreads antagonism and hate between the races, sins against humanity.

„Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and constant practice of generosity.“

—  José Martí

Contesto: Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and constant practice of generosity. He who seeks it elsewhere will not find it for, having drunk from all the glasses of life, he will find satisfaction only in those.

„Men of action, above all those whose actions are guided by love, live forever.“

—  José Martí

Contesto: Men of action, above all those whose actions are guided by love, live forever. Other famous men, those of much talk and few deeds, soon evaporate. Action is the dignity of greatness.

„A grain of poetry suffices to season a century.“

—  José Martí

Dedication of the Statue of Liberty (1887)
Origine: Versos Sencillos: Simple Verses

„Day and night I always dream with open eyes.“

—  José Martí

"I dream awake" ["Ismaelillo"]
As quoted in Great Hispanic-Americans (2005) by Nicolás Kanellos, Robert Rodriguez and Tamra Orr, p. 72

„The spirit of a government must be that of the country. The form of a government must come from the makeup of the country.“

—  José Martí

Our America (1891)
Contesto: The spirit of a government must be that of the country. The form of a government must come from the makeup of the country. Government is nothing but the balance of the natural elements of a country.

„I grow neither nettles nor thorns:
I grow a white rose.“

—  José Martí

As translated in Spanish-American Poetry : A Dual-language Anthology (1996) by Seymour Resnick
Variant translation:
I cultivate a white rose
In July as in January
For the sincere friend
Who gives me his hand frankly. <p> And for the cruel person who tears out
the heart with which I live,
I cultivate neither nettles nor thorns:
I cultivate a white rose.
Simple Verses (1891), I Grow a White Rose
Contesto: I grow a white rose
In July just as in January
For the sincere friend
Who gives me his frank hand.
And for the cruel man who pulls out of me
the heart with which I live,
I grow neither nettles nor thorns:
I grow a white rose.

„Barricades of ideas are worth more than barricades of stones.“

—  José Martí

Our America (1881)
Contesto: Barricades of ideas are worth more than barricades of stones.
There is no prow that can cut through a cloudbank of ideas. A powerful idea, waved before the world at the proper time, can stop a squadron of iron-clad ships, like the mystical flag of the Last judgement.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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