Frasi di José Martí

José Martí photo
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José Martí

Data di nascita: 28. Gennaio 1853
Data di morte: 19. Maggio 1895

José Julián Martí Pérez è stato un politico, scrittore e rivoluzionario cubano.

Fu un leader del movimento per l'indipendenza cubana; a Cuba è considerato uno dei più grandi eroi nazionali.

Frasi José Martí

„Coltivo una rosa bianca | sia pur nell'avversa stagione, | per l'anima buona, che pone | nella mia la sua mano franca. || Ma per colui che mi abbranca | dal petto il cuore mio vivo, | né cardo né ortica coltivo: | coltivo una rosa bianca.“

—  José Martí

Origine: Da Armilla N. 2, traduzione di V. Errante, Sansoni, Firenze; citato in M. L. Santoli e M. Stanghellini, I grandi libri, volume terzo, Zanichelli, Bologna, 1971, p. 363.

„Ogni vero uomo deve sentire sulla propria guancia lo schiaffo dato sulla guancia di un altro uomo.“

—  José Martí

erroneamente attribuito a Che Guevara; citato in Michael Löwy, Che's Revolutionary Humanism http://monthlyreview.org/1997/10/01/che-revolutionary-humanism, Monthly Review, volume 49, numero 5, ottobre 1997

„Bisogna prendere, non richiedere i diritti; impossessarsene, non elemosinarli.“

—  José Martí

in AA.VV., Il libro della politica, traduzione di Sonia Sferzi, Gribaudo, 2018. ISBN 9788858019429

„I know that when the world
surrenders, pallid, to repose,
the murmur of a tranquil stream
through the deep silence flows.“

—  José Martí

I (Yo soy un hombre sincero) as translated by Esther Allen in José Martí : Selected Writings (2002), p. 275
Simple Verses (1891)

„The soul, equal and eternal, emanates from bodies of different shapes and colors. Whoever foments and spreads antagonism and hate between the races, sins against humanity.“

—  José Martí

Our America (1881)
Contesto: There can be no racial animosity, because there are no races. The theorist and feeble thinkers string together and warm over the bookshelf races which the well-disposed observer and the fair-minded traveller vainly seek in the justice of Nature where man's universal identity springs forth from triumphant love and the turbulent hunger for life. The soul, equal and eternal, emanates from bodies of different shapes and colors. Whoever foments and spreads antagonism and hate between the races, sins against humanity.

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„Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and constant practice of generosity.“

—  José Martí

Contesto: Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and constant practice of generosity. He who seeks it elsewhere will not find it for, having drunk from all the glasses of life, he will find satisfaction only in those.

„Men of action, above all those whose actions are guided by love, live forever.“

—  José Martí

Contesto: Men of action, above all those whose actions are guided by love, live forever. Other famous men, those of much talk and few deeds, soon evaporate. Action is the dignity of greatness.

„A grain of poetry suffices to season a century.“

—  José Martí, Versos Sencillos: Simple Verses

Dedication of the Statue of Liberty (1887)
Origine: Versos Sencillos: Simple Verses

„Day and night I always dream with open eyes.“

—  José Martí

"I dream awake" ["Ismaelillo"]
As quoted in Great Hispanic-Americans (2005) by Nicolás Kanellos, Robert Rodriguez and Tamra Orr, p. 72

„Man is a living duty, a depository of powers that he must not leave in a brute state.“

—  José Martí

Contesto: Man is not an image engraved on a silver dollar, with covetous eyes, licking lips and a diamond pin on a silver dickey. Man is a living duty, a depository of powers that he must not leave in a brute state. Man is a wing.

„Fortunately, there is a sane equilibrium in the character of nations, as there is in that of men. The force of passion is balanced by the force of interest.“

—  José Martí

Contesto: Fortunately, there is a sane equilibrium in the character of nations, as there is in that of men. The force of passion is balanced by the force of interest. An insatiable appetite for glory leads to sacrifice and death, but innate instinct leads to self-preservation and life. A nation that neglects either of these forces perishes. They must be steered together, like a pair of carriage horses.

„White and black racists would be equally guilty of racism.“

—  José Martí

My Race (1893)
Contesto: Ostentatious men who are governed by self-interest will combine, whether white or black, and the generous and selfless will similarly unite. True men, black and white, will treat one another with loyalty and tenderness, out of a sense of merit and the pride of everyone who honors the land in which we were born, black and white alike. Negroes, who now use the word "racist" in good faith, will stop using it when they realize it is the only apparently valid argument that weak men, who honestly believe that Negroes are inferior, use to deny them the full exercise of their rights as men. White and black racists would be equally guilty of racism.

„Absolute ideas must take relative forms if they are not to fail because of an error in form.“

—  José Martí

Our America (1881)
Contesto: The youth of America are rolling up their sleeves, digging their hands in the dough, and making it rise with the sweat of their brows. They realize that there is too much imitation, and that creation holds the key to salvation. "Create" is the password of this generation. The wine is made from plantain, but even if it turns sour, it is our own wine! That a country's form of government must be in keeping with its natural elements is a foregone conclusion. Absolute ideas must take relative forms if they are not to fail because of an error in form. Freedom, to be viable, has to be sincere and complete. If a republic refuses to open its arms to all, and move ahead with all, it dies.

„Men have no special rights simply because they belong to one race or another. When you say "men," you have already imbued them with all their rights.“

—  José Martí

Variant translation: Men have no special right because they belong to one race or another: the word man defines all rights.
My Race (1893)
Contesto: "Racist" is a confusing word, and it should be clarified. Men have no special rights simply because they belong to one race or another. When you say "men," you have already imbued them with all their rights.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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