Frasi di Eric Hobsbawm

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Eric Hobsbawm

Data di nascita: 9. Giugno 1917
Data di morte: 1. Ottobre 2012
Altri nomi: Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm

Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm è stato uno storico e scrittore britannico. Nato in una famiglia ebraica di origini austriache, studioso di formazione marxista, Hobsbawm ha dedicato molte delle proprie ricerche alla classe operaia inglese e al proletariato internazionale. Da sempre alieno a posizioni dogmatiche, è stato il creatore di alcune definizioni storiche diventate punto di riferimento per la storiografia, come Il Secolo breve e il Lungo XIX secolo, entrambi teorizzati in suoi scritti. Alla sua teorizzazione si deve anche l'enucleazione concettuale che ha dato origine a «uno dei più famosi e influenti archetipi storici, il bandito sociale». A un suo lavoro, in collaborazione con Terence Ranger, si deve la formulazione di un altro paradigma storico, l'invenzione della tradizione.

Lavori

Il Secolo breve
Eric Hobsbawm

„La società dei consumi pare considerare il silenzio un crimine.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm

cap. 2, Dove vanno le arti?
La Fine della Cultura. Saggio su un secolo in crisi d'identità

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„Banditry is freedom, but in a peasant society few can be free. most are shackled by double chains of lordship and labour, one reinforcing the other.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm

Origine: Bandits (1969), Chapter Two
Contesto: Banditry is freedom, but in a peasant society few can be free. most are shackled by double chains of lordship and labour, one reinforcing the other. For what makes peasants the victim of authority is not as much their economic vulnerability - indeed they are as often as not virtually self sufficient - as their mobility.

„Uncertainty and unpredictability impended. Compass needles no longer had a North, maps became useless.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm, libro Il Secolo breve

Origine: The Age of Extremes (1992), Chapter Eleven, Cultural Revolution, p.338-339
Contesto: The old moral vocabulary of rights and duties, mutual obligations, sin and virtue, sacrifice, conscience, rewards, and penalties, could no longer be translated into the new language of desired gratification. Once such practices and institutions were no longer accepted as part of a way of ordering society that linked people to each other and ensured social cooperation and reproduction, most of their capacity to structure human social life vanished. They were reduced simply expressions of individuals' preferences, and claims that the law should recognize the supremacy of these preferences. Uncertainty and unpredictability impended. Compass needles no longer had a North, maps became useless.

„My object is to understand ad explain why things turned out the way they did, and how they hang together.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm, libro Il Secolo breve

Introduction
The Age of Extremes (1992)
Contesto: My object is to understand ad explain why things turned out the way they did, and how they hang together. For anyone of my age-group who has lived through all or most of the Short Twentieth Century this is inevitably also a autobiographical endeavor. We are talking about, amplifying (and correcting) our own memories. And we are talking as men and women of a particular time and place, involved, in various ways, in its history as actors in its dramas - however insignificant our parts - as observers of our times and, not least, as people whose views of the century have been formed by what we have come to see as its crucial events.

„Words are witnesses which often speak louder than documents.“

—  Eric Hobsbawm

Introduction
The Age of Revolution (1962)
Contesto: Words are witnesses which often speak louder than documents. Let us consider a few English words, which were invented or gained their modern meanings, substantially in the period of sixty years with which this volume deals. They are such words as 'industry', 'industrialist', 'factory,' middle class,' 'working class,' and 'socialism.' They include 'aristocracy,' as well as 'railway,' 'liberal' and 'conservative' as political terms, 'nationality,'scientist,' and 'engineer,' 'proletariat,' and (economic) 'crisis'.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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