Frasi di Hermann Göring

Hermann Göring photo
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Hermann Göring

Data di nascita: 12. Gennaio 1893
Data di morte: 15. Ottobre 1946
Altri nomi: Hermann Wilhelm Göring

Hermann Wilhelm Göring è stato un politico, militare e criminale di guerra tedesco.

Abile pilota da caccia e asso delle forze aeree tedesche durante la prima guerra mondiale, nel dopoguerra entrò nel partito nazista, diventando rapidamente il principale luogotenente di Adolf Hitler. Considerato un eroe di guerra dalla eccentrica personalità, Göring, dotato di grande energia e determinazione, fu accanto ad Hitler con un ruolo spesso decisivo in tutte le fasi iniziali del Nazismo fino alla presa del potere e alla costituzione del Terzo Reich.

Dopo la presa del potere, Göring accumulò un gran numero di titoli, cariche, riconoscimenti e beni materiali, esaurendo in gran parte la sua energia seguendo uno stile di vita stravagante e dissoluto. Contemporaneamente tuttavia Göring svolse una importantissima attività politica all'interno del Reich dirigendo, con il titolo supremo di Maresciallo del Reich, la creazione della Luftwaffe, la costituzione della polizia segreta, le attività repressive e anche il sistema concentrazionario e di sterminio.

Con l'inizio della seconda guerra mondiale, Göring, pur mantenendo il ruolo e il titolo di "numero due" del regime, perse progressivamente il suo potere a causa soprattutto del suo comportamento morale discutibile e delle sconfitte della Luftwaffe, non in grado di impedire la distruzione delle città tedesche, né di ostacolare la crescente superiorità aerea del nemico. Nel 1945, dopo un fallimentare tentativo di succedere a Hitler e intavolare trattative con i nemici occidentali, venne arrestato dalle SS, una volta rilasciato si consegnò agli Alleati per poi essere condannato a morte nel processo di Norimberga. Göring riuscì a sfuggire al patibolo, suicidandosi alla vigilia dell'esecuzione.

Personalità complessa e contraddittoria, Göring dimostrò con le sue azioni una brutale carica di violenza e condivise sostanzialmente, con un ruolo direttivo, tutti i crimini del nazismo.

Frasi Hermann Göring

„Quando sento qualcuno parlare di cultura, la mano mi corre al revolver.“

—  Hermann Göring

Attribuite
Origine: Pare in effetti che Göring amasse ripetere questa frase, che tuttavia origina da una battuta del dramma Schlageter, in cui un personaggio si rivolge all'omonimo protagonista esclamando "Quando sento parlare di cultura [...] tolgo la sicura alla mia Browning!" La battuta originale in lingua tedesca http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Leo_Schlageter#Creation_of_heroic_mythology

„[I cechi] questa miserabile razza pigmea priva di cultura che opprime gente che una cultura ce l'ha e dietro la quale si nascondono Mosca e l'eterna maschera del demone giudeo.“

—  Hermann Göring

Origine: Frase pronunciata con l'inizio di una campagna propagandistica contro i cechi, prodromo dell'invasione dei Sudeti da parte delle truppe di Hitler; citata in Edward Klein, La maledizione dei Kennedy, Milano, Mondadori, 2007, p. 127. ISBN 978-88-04-53311-5

„Io non ho nessuna coscienza! La mia coscienza è Adolf Hitler.“

—  Hermann Göring

Origine: Citato in Theodor Schieder, Hermann Rauschning «Gespräche mit Hitler» als Geschichtsquelle, Opladen 1972, p. 19, nota 25; citato in Joseph Ratzinger, Euntes Docete, Commentaria Urbaniana, Roma, XLIII/1990/3, p. 431-436; citato in Newman – uno dei grandi maestri della Chiesa http://www.newmanfriendsinternational.org/italian/?p=50, Centro Internazionale degli Amici di Newman.

„Why, of course, the people don't want war.“

—  Hermann Göring

In an interview with Gilbert in Göring's jail cell during the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials (18 April 1946) http://www.snopes.com/quotes/goering.asp
Nuremberg Diary (1947)
Contesto: p> Göring: Why, of course, the people don't want war. Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece? Naturally, the common people don't want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship.Gilbert: There is one difference. In a democracy, the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare wars.Göring: Oh, that is all well and good, but, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.</p

„The British, who can afford aluminium better than we can, knock together a beautiful wooden aircraft that every piano factory over there is building, and they give it a speed which they have now increased yet again. What do you make of that? There is nothing the British do not have. They have the geniuses and we have the nincompoops.“

—  Hermann Göring

This statement was attributed to Goering in at least one book on World War II, but it was removed from the English Wikipedia page on him on grounds that it was not actually verified that Goering had ever said it.
Disputed
Contesto: In 1940 I could at least fly as far as Glasgow in most of my aircraft, but not now! It makes me furious when I see the Mosquito. I turn green and yellow with envy. The British, who can afford aluminium better than we can, knock together a beautiful wooden aircraft that every piano factory over there is building, and they give it a speed which they have now increased yet again. What do you make of that? There is nothing the British do not have. They have the geniuses and we have the nincompoops. After the war is over I'm going to buy a British radio set – then at least I'll own something that has always worked.

„No enemy bomber can reach the Ruhr. If one reaches the Ruhr, my name is not Göring. You may call me Meyer.“

—  Hermann Göring

Addressing the Luftwaffe (September 1939) as quoted in August 1939: The Last Days of Peace (1979) by Nicholas Fleming, p. 171; "Meyer" (or "Meier") is a common name in Germany. This statement would come back to haunt him as Allied bombers devastated Germany; many ordinary Germans, especially in Berlin, took to calling him "Meier", and air raid sirens "Meier's Trumpets". It is said that he once himself introduced himself as "Meier" when taking refuge in an air-raid shelter in Berlin.

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„Guns will make us powerful; butter will only make us fat.“

—  Hermann Göring

Radio broadcast (1936), as quoted in The New Language of Politics: An Anecdotal Dictionary of Catchwords, Slogans, and Political Usage (1968) by William L. Safire, p. 178
Variants:
Guns will make us strong, butter will only make us fat.
We have no butter... but I ask you, would you rather have butter or guns? Preparedness makes us powerful. Butter merely makes us fat.

„It makes me furious when I see the Mosquito.“

—  Hermann Göring

This statement was attributed to Goering in at least one book on World War II, but it was removed from the English Wikipedia page on him on grounds that it was not actually verified that Goering had ever said it.
Disputed
Contesto: In 1940 I could at least fly as far as Glasgow in most of my aircraft, but not now! It makes me furious when I see the Mosquito. I turn green and yellow with envy. The British, who can afford aluminium better than we can, knock together a beautiful wooden aircraft that every piano factory over there is building, and they give it a speed which they have now increased yet again. What do you make of that? There is nothing the British do not have. They have the geniuses and we have the nincompoops. After the war is over I'm going to buy a British radio set – then at least I'll own something that has always worked.

„Naturally, the common people don't want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood.“

—  Hermann Göring

In an interview with Gilbert in Göring's jail cell during the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials (18 April 1946) http://www.snopes.com/quotes/goering.asp
Nuremberg Diary (1947)
Contesto: p> Göring: Why, of course, the people don't want war. Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece? Naturally, the common people don't want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship.Gilbert: There is one difference. In a democracy, the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare wars.Göring: Oh, that is all well and good, but, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.</p

„Ah, the Jews, the Jews, they'll be the death of me yet!“

—  Hermann Göring

Exclamation made by Göring in November 1938, soon after Kristallnacht. He returned from a day of dealing with the aftermath of the vandalism and looting to find his wife Emmy asking him to help Jewish friends of hers yet again, and the following day, received a note from Hitler, indicating this assistance must stop. As quoted in The Reich Marshal: A Biography of Hermann Goering (1974) by Leonard Mosley, p. 229.
Contesto: Now you see. You are even turning the Fuehrer against me. Ah, the Jews, the Jews, they'll be the death of me yet!

„When I hear the word culture, I reach for my Browning!“

—  Hermann Göring

"When I hear the word culture, I reach for my revolver" was also is used in the 1981 Cannes Film Festival Award winner Mephisto spoken by a character known as "The General" in the English dubbed version.
Misattributed
Variante: "When I hear the word culture, I reach for my revolver." Often attributed to Göring, who might have used such lines, these statements are derived from those in the play Schlageter by Hanns Johst: "Wenn ich Kultur höre … entsichere ich meinen Browning!" [Whenever I hear of culture... I release the safety-catch of my Browning!] (Act 1, Scene 1) The play was first performed in April 1933 for Hitler's birthday. Reported as a misattribution in Paul F. Boller, Jr., and John George, They Never Said It: A Book of Fake Quotes, Misquotes, & Misleading Attributions (1989), p. 36.

„The Russians are primitive folk. Besides, Bolshevism is something that stifles individualism and which is against my inner nature. Bolshevism is worse than National Socialism — in fact, it can't be compared to it. Bolshevism is against private property, and I am all in favor of private property. Bolshevism is barbaric and crude, and I am fully convinced that that atrocities committed by the Nazis, which incidentally I knew nothing about, were not nearly as great or as cruel as those committed by the Communists. I hate the Communists bitterly because I hate the system. The delusion that all men are equal is ridiculous. I feel that I am superior to most Russians, not only because I am a German but because my cultural and family background are superior. How ironic it is that crude Russian peasants who wear the uniforms of generals now sit in judgment on me. No matter how educated a Russian might be, he is still a barbaric Asiatic. Secondly, the Russian generals and the Russian government planned a war against Germany because we represented a threat to them ideologically. In the German state, I was the chief opponent of Communism. I admit freely and proudly that it was I who created the first concentration camps in order to put Communists in them. Did I ever tell you that funny story about how I sent to Spain a ship containing mainly bricks and stones, under which I put a single layer of ammunition which had been ordered by the Red government in Spain? The purpose of that ship was to supply the waning Red government with munitions. That was a good practical joke and I am proud of it because I wanted with all my heart to see Russian Communism in Spain defeated finally.“

—  Hermann Göring

To Leon Goldensohn (28 May 1946)
The Nuremberg Interviews (2004)

„Shoot first and inquire afterwards, and if you make mistakes, I will protect you.“

—  Hermann Göring

Instruction to the Prussian police (1933); as quoted in The House that Hitler Built (1937) by Stephen Henry Roberts. p. 63

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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