Frasi di John Searle

John Searle foto
5  1

John Searle

Data di nascita: 31. Luglio 1932
Altri nomi:John Roger Searle


John Rogers Searle è un filosofo statunitense.

Frasi John Searle


„There are five, and only five, possible types of speech acts, five types of illocutionary acts.4 These are (1) Assertives (statements, descriptions, assertions, etc.) whose point is to represent how things are and which therefore have the downhill or word-to-world direction of fit↓;(2) Directives (orders, commands, requests, etc.) whose point is to try to get other people to do things, and which have the uphill or world-to-word direction of fit↑;(3) Commissives (promises, vows, pledges, etc.) whose point is to commit the speaker to some course of action, and which, like directives, have the uphill or world-to-word direction of fit↑;(4) Expressives, (apologies, thanks, congratulations, etc.) whose point is to express the speaker’s feelings and attitudes about a state of affairs that is in most cases presupposed to exist already; and (5) Declarations, which, remarkably, have both directions of fit at once. In a Declaration we make something the case by declaring it to be the case. The first four types of speech acts have exact analogues in intentional states: corresponding to Assertives are beliefs↓, corresponding to Directives are desires↑, corresponding to Commissives are intentions↑, and corresponding to Expressives is the whole range of emotions and other intentional states where the Presup fit is taken for granted. But there is no prelinguistic analogue for the Declarations. Prelinguistic intentional states cannot create facts in the world by representing those facts as already existing. This remarkable feat requires a language.5“

— John Rogers Searle, Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization

Anniversari di oggi
Margaret Atwood foto
Margaret Atwood33
poetessa, scrittrice e ambientalista canadese 1939
Jacques Maritain foto
Jacques Maritain40
religioso, filosofo 1882 - 1973
Marcel Proust foto
Marcel Proust209
scrittore, saggista e critico letterario francese 1871 - 1922
Jonah Lomu foto
Jonah Lomu4
rugbista a 15 neozelandese 1975 - 2015
Altri 41 anniversari oggi
Autori simili
James Rachels foto
James Rachels11
filosofo statunitense
Hans Jonas9
filosofo tedesco
Elbert Hubbard foto
Elbert Hubbard5
scrittore, filosofo e artista statunitense
Daniel Dennett foto
Daniel Dennett9
filosofo e logico statunitense
Herbert Marcuse foto
Herbert Marcuse27
filosofo, sociologo e politologo tedesco
Nassim Nicholas Taleb foto
Nassim Nicholas Taleb37
filosofo, saggista e matematico libanese
René Dubos foto
René Dubos3
biologo e filosofo francese
William James foto
William James11
psicologo e filosofo statunitense
Buckminster Fuller foto
Buckminster Fuller5
inventore, designer, architetto