Frasi di Mosè Maimonide
Data di nascita: 1135
Data di morte: 13. Dicembre 1204
Moshe ben Maimon, più noto nell'Europa medievale col nome di Mosè Maimònide , è stato un filosofo, rabbino, medico, talmudista, giurista e teologo spagnolo, una delle personalità di spicco dell'Andalusia sotto il dominio arabo, tra i più importanti pensatori nella storia dell'ebraismo.
Conosciuto anche con l'acronimo di Rambam , Mosè Maimonide divenne, grazie al suo enorme lavoro di analisi del Talmud e sistematizzazione dell'Halakhah, il rabbino e filosofo ebreo di maggior prestigio ed influenza del Medioevo; le sue opere di diritto ebraico vengono ancora oggi ritenute le migliori nell'ortodossia, e sono, insieme al commentario di Rashi, un caposaldo indispensabile della letteratura rabbinica.
Frasi Mosè Maimonide
„Se una persona volesse prendersi cura di sé come si agisce nei confronti del proprio cavallo, eviterebbe molte malattie. Nessuno dà al suo cavallo troppo fieno, ogni padrone di un cavallo gliene serve una misura adatta a quanto gli necessita e può digerire, ma egli stesso mangia in eccesso. Inoltre sta ben attento a fargli fare ogni giorno il giusto allenamento per mantenerlo in buona forma, ma quando si tratta di sé stesso, l'uomo trascura di fare l'esercizio di cui il suo corpo ha bisogno, anche se questo è uno dei fondamentali principi per mantenersi in buona salute e per prevenire le malattie.“
„Usate della vostra ragione e potrete distinguere ciò che è stato detto allegoricamente, in senso figurato, a mo' d'iperbole, da ciò che va inteso nel senso letterale. Comprenderete allora tutte le profezie, imparerete a ritener i principi razionali di fede, e sarete graditi agli occhi di Dio che si compiace sommamente della verità e sdegna in sommo grado la falsità; la vostra mente e il vostro cuore non dovranno più sforzarsi a credere e ad accettare come Legge ciò che è falso o inverosimile; mentre la Legge, quando sia rettamente intesa, è sempre perfettamente vera.“
Foreword to The Eight Chapters Of Maimonides On Ethics, translated by Joseph I. Gorfinkle, Ph.D. Columbia University Press, New York (1912). Page 35-36. https://archive.org/details/eightchaptersofm00maim Variant: "Accept the truth from whatever source it comes." Introduction to the Shemonah Peraqim, as quoted in Truth and Compassion: Essays on Judaism and Religion in Memory of Rabbi Dr. Solomon Frank (1983) Edited by Howard Joseph, Jack Nathan Lightstone, and Michael D. Oppenheim, p. 168 Variant: You must accept the truth from whatever source it comes.
„It is of great advantage that man should know his station, and not imagine that the whole universe exists only for him.“
Context: It is of great advantage that man should know his station, and not imagine that the whole universe exists only for him. We hold that the universe exists because the Creator wills it so; that mankind is low in rank as compared with the uppermost portion of the universe, viz., with the spheres and the stars; but, as regards the angels, there cannot be any real comparison between man and angels, although man is the highest of all beings on earth; i. e., of all the beings formed of the four elements. Ch.12
„My object in adopting this arrangement is that the truths should be at one time apparent and at another time concealed.“
Context: My object in adopting this arrangement is that the truths should be at one time apparent and at another time concealed. Thus we shall not be in opposition to the Divine Will (from which it is wrong to deviate) which has withheld from the multitude the truths required for the knowledge of God, according to the words, "The secret of the Lord is with them that fear Him." (Psalm 25:14)
„This book will then be a key admitting to places the gates of which would otherwise be closed. When the gates are opened and men enter, their souls will enjoy repose, their eyes will be gratified, and even their bodies, after all toil and labour, will be refreshed.“
Context: Having concluded these introductory remarks I proceed to examine those expressions, to the true meaning of which, as apparent from the context, it is necessary to direct your attention. This book will then be a key admitting to places the gates of which would otherwise be closed. When the gates are opened and men enter, their souls will enjoy repose, their eyes will be gratified, and even their bodies, after all toil and labour, will be refreshed.
Context: Divine Providence is connected with Divine intellectual influence, and the same beings which are benefited by the latter so as to become intellectual, and to comprehend things comprehensible to rational beings, are also under the control of Divine Providence, which examines all their deeds with a view of rewarding or punishing them.... the method of which our mind is incapable of understanding. Ch.17
„The corporeal element in man is a large screen and partition that prevents him from perfectly perceiving abstract ideals“
Context: The corporeal element in man is a large screen and partition that prevents him from perfectly perceiving abstract ideals; this would be the case even if the corporeal element were as pure and superior as the substance of the spheres; how much more must this be the case with our dark and opaque body. However great the exertion of our mind may be to comprehend the Divine Being or any of the ideals, we find a screen and partition between God and us. Ch.9
„Those who observe the nature of the Universe and the commandments of the Law, and know their purpose, see clearly God's mercy and truth in everything; they seek, therefore, that which the Creator intended to be the aim of man, viz., comprehension. Forced also by claims of the body, they seek that which is necessary for the preservation of the body“
Context: Those who observe the nature of the Universe and the commandments of the Law, and know their purpose, see clearly God's mercy and truth in everything; they seek, therefore, that which the Creator intended to be the aim of man, viz., comprehension. Forced also by claims of the body, they seek that which is necessary for the preservation of the body, "bread to eat and garment to clothe," and this is very little; but they seek nothing superfluous; with very slight exertion man can obtain it, so long as he is contented with that which is indispensable. Ch.12
Context: The words of God are justified, as I will show, by the fact that Job abandoned his first very erroneous opinion, and himself proved that it was an error. It is the opinion which suggests itself as plausible at first thought, especially in the minds of those who meet with mishap, well knowing that they have not merited them through sins. This is admitted by all, and therefore this opinion was assigned to Job. But he is represented to hold this view only so long as he was without wisdom, and knew God only by tradition, in the same manner as religious people generally know Him. As soon as he had acquired a true knowledge of God, he confessed that there is undoubtedly true felicity in the knowledge of God; it is attained by all who acquire that knowledge, and no earthly trouble can disturb it. So long as Job's knowledge of God was based on tradition and communication, and not on research, he believed that such imaginary good as is possessed in health, riches, and children, was the utmost that men can attain; this was the reason why he was in perplexity, and why he uttered the... opinions, and this is also the meaning of his words: "I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear; but now mine eye seeth thee. Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent because of dust and ashes" (xlii. 5, 6); that is to say, he abhorred all that he had desired before, and that he was sorry that he had been in dust and ashes; comp. "and he sat down among the ashes" (ii. 8) On account of this last utterance, which implies true perception, it is said afterwards in reference to him, "for you have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job hath." Ch.23
Context: The chief object of the Law, as has been shown by us, is the teaching of truths; to which the truth of the creatio ex nihilo belongs. It is known that the object of the law of Sabbath is to confirm and to establish this principle, as we have shown in this treatise (Part II. chap. xxxi.) In addition to the teaching of truths the Law aims at the removal of injustice from mankind. We have thus proved that the first laws do not refer to burnt-offering and sacrifice, which are of secondary importance. Ch.32
„To give a full explanation of the mystic passages of the Bible is contrary to the law and to reason; besides, my knowledge of them is based on reasoning, not on divine inspiration“
Context: To give a full explanation of the mystic passages of the Bible is contrary to the law and to reason; besides, my knowledge of them is based on reasoning, not on divine inspiration [and is therefore not infallible].... It is... possible that my view is wrong, and that I misunderstand passages referred to.... Those, however, for whom this treatise has been composed, will, on reflecting on it and thoroughly examining each chapter, obtain a clear insight into all that has been clear and intelligible to me. This is the utmost that can be done in treating this subject so to be useful to all without fully explaining it. Introduction