Frasi di John Brown

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John Brown

Data di nascita: 9. Maggio 1800
Data di morte: 2. Dicembre 1859

John Brown è stato un attivista abolizionista bianco statunitense, dedito alla causa antischiavista, per condurre la quale propugnò anche mezzi estremi di combattimento come la lotta armata. Catturato dopo un fallito assalto a un'armeria federale con cui intendeva innescare una rivolta, fu condannato a morte per tradimento e impiccato nel 1859.

Personaggio tra i più noti della storia dell'abolizionismo negli Stati Uniti, gli fu dedicata una canzone popolare, John Brown's Body, divenuta inno di battaglia informale delle truppe nordiste durante la successiva guerra di secessione. Benché sia popolarmente riconosciuto come martire della causa abolizionista, una parte della critica storica lo considera il primo terrorista ante-litteram che abbia mai operato nei territori dell'Unione.

Frasi John Brown

„The marriage relation shall be at all times respected“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

Article XLII.
Provisional Constitution and Ordinances (1858)
Contesto: The marriage relation shall be at all times respected, and families kept together, as far as possible; and broken families encouraged to reunite, and intelligence offices established for that purpose. Schools and churches established, as soon as may be, for the purpose of reli­gious and other instructions; for the first day of the week, regarded as a day of rest, and appropriated to moral and religious instruction and improvement, relief of the suffering, instruction of the young and ignorant, and the encouragement of personal cleanliness; nor shall any persons be required on that day to perform ordinary manual labor, unless in extremely urgent cases.

„I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land can never be purged away but with blood. I had, as I now think, vainly flattered myself that without very much bloodshed, it might be done.“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

This was written on a note that he had at his execution (2 December 1859), most sources say it was handed to the guard, but some dispute that and claim it was handed to a reporter accompaning him; as quoted in John Brown and his Men https://books.google.com/books?id=uiaYWp66b-cC&pg=PR1&dq=John+Brown+and+his+Men+%281894%29+by+Richard+Josiah+Hinton&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Uub_VN3CN5HbggTdxIK4Cw&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=John%20Brown%20and%20his%20Men%20(1894)%20by%20Richard%20Josiah%20Hinton&f=false (1894) by Richard Josiah Hinton, p. 398.

„This is a beautiful country.“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

Last words (2 December 1859), as quoted in John Brown and his Men https://books.google.com/books?id=uiaYWp66b-cC&pg=PR1&dq=John+Brown+and+his+Men+%281894%29+by+Richard+Josiah+Hinton&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Uub_VN3CN5HbggTdxIK4Cw&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=John%20Brown%20and%20his%20Men%20(1894)%20by%20Richard%20Josiah%20Hinton&f=false (1894) by Richard Josiah Hinton, p. 397.

„These men are all talk; What is needed is action“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

action!
Remarks at the New England Anti-Slavery Convention (May 1859), quoted in William Lloyd Garrison by Wendell and Francis Garrison.

„I bring you one of the best and bravest persons on this continent — General Tubman as we call her.“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

Introducing Harriet Tubman to Wendell Phillips, as quoted in The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom (1898) by Wilbur Henry Siebert, p. 185 also in "The Underground Railway" (27 May 1902) by W. H. Withrow, as published in Proceedings

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„Whereas slavery, throughout its entire existence in the United States, is none other than the most barbarous, unprovoked and unjustifiable war of one portion of its citizens against another portion, the only conditions of which are perpetual imprisonment and hopeless servitude, or absolute extermination, in utter disregard and violation of those eternal and self-evident truths set forth in our Declaration of Independence.“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

Therefore, we, citizens of the United States, and the oppressed people who, by a recent decision of the Supreme' Court, are declared to have no rights which the white man is bound to respect, together with all other people degraded by the laws thereof, do, for the time being, ordain and establish for ourselves the following Provisional Constitution and Ordinances, the better to protect our persons, property, lives, and liberties, and to govern our actions.
Preamble.
Provisional Constitution and Ordinances (1858)

„I acknowledge no master in human form.“

—  John Brown (abolitionist)

As quoted in The life and letters of John Brown, liberator of Kansas, and martyr of Virginia https://archive.org/stream/lifeandlettersof00sanbrich/lifeandlettersof00sanbrich_djvu.txt (1885), by Franklin B. Sanborn, p. 563.
Provisional Constitution and Ordinances (1858), Prison interview (1859)

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