Frasi di Thomas Paine

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Thomas Paine

Data di nascita: 9. Febbraio 1737
Data di morte: 8. Giugno 1809
Altri nomi: Пейн Томас

Thomas Paine è stato un rivoluzionario, politico, intellettuale, filosofo illuminista e studioso britannico, considerato uno dei Padri Fondatori degli Stati Uniti d'America. Wikipedia

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Frasi Thomas Paine

„Society is produced by our wants, and government by wickedness“

—  Thomas Paine

1770s, Common Sense (1776)
Contesto: Society is produced by our wants, and government by wickedness; the former promotes our happiness positively by uniting our affections, the latter negatively by restraining our vices. The one encourages intercourse, the other creates distinctions. The first is a patron, the last a punisher. Society in every state is a blessing, but government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.

„The mind once enlightened cannot again become dark.“

—  Thomas Paine

Origine: A Letter Addressed to the Abbe Raynal on the Affairs of North America

„These are the times that try men's souls.“

—  Thomas Paine, libro The American Crisis

Origine: The American Crisis

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„Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good.“

—  Thomas Paine, libro I diritti dell'uomo

Part 2.7 Chapter V. Ways and means of improving the condition of Europe, interspersed with miscellaneous observations
Origine: 1790s, Rights of Man, Part 2 (1792)
Contesto: I speak an open and disinterested language, dictated by no passion but that of humanity. To me, who have not only refused offers, because I thought them improper, but have declined rewards I might with reputation have accepted, it is no wonder that meanness and imposition appear disgustful. Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good.

„Every principal art has some science for its parent, though the person who mechanically performs the work does not always, and but very seldom, perceive the connection.“

—  Thomas Paine, libro L'età della ragione

1790s, The Age of Reason, Part I (1794)
Contesto: The Book of Job and the 19th Psalm, which even the Church admits to be more ancient than the chronological order in which they stand in the book called the Bible, are theological orations conformable to the original system of theology. The internal evidence of those orations proves to a demonstration that the study and contemplation of the works of creation, and of the power and wisdom of God, revealed and manifested in those works, made a great part in the religious devotion of the times in which they were written; and it was this devotional study and contemplation that led to the discovery of the principles upon which what are now called sciences are established; and it is to the discovery of these principles that almost all the arts that contribute to the convenience of human life owe their existence. Every principal art has some science for its parent, though the person who mechanically performs the work does not always, and but very seldom, perceive the connection.

„The universe is composed of matter, and, as a system, is sustained by motion.“

—  Thomas Paine

1790s, Discourse to the Theophilanthropists (1798)
Contesto: The universe is composed of matter, and, as a system, is sustained by motion. Motion is not a property of matter, and without this motion the solar system could not exist. Were motion a property of matter, that undiscovered and undiscoverable thing, called perpetual motion, would establish itself. It is because motion is not a property of matter, that perpetual motion is an impossibility in the hand of every being, but that of the Creator of motion. When the pretenders to Atheism can produce perpetual motion, and not till then, they may expect to be credited.

„Lay then the axe to the root, and teach governments humanity.“

—  Thomas Paine, libro I diritti dell'uomo

Part 1.3 Rights of Man
1790s, Rights of Man, Part I (1791)
Contesto: Lay then the axe to the root, and teach governments humanity. It is their sanguinary punishments which corrupt mankind.

„To take away this right is to reduce a man to slavery, for slavery consists in being subject to the will of another, and he that has not a vote in the election of representatives is in this case.“

—  Thomas Paine

1790s, First Principles of Government (1795)
Contesto: The right of voting for representatives is the primary right by which other rights are protected. To take away this right is to reduce a man to slavery, for slavery consists in being subject to the will of another, and he that has not a vote in the election of representatives is in this case.

„Or is the gloomy pride of man become so intolerable, that nothing can flatter it but a sacrifice of the Creator?“

—  Thomas Paine, libro L'età della ragione

1790s, The Age of Reason, Part I (1794)
Contesto: But if objects for gratitude and admiration are our desire, do they not present themselves every hour to our eyes? Do we not see a fair creation prepared to receive us the instant we are born — a world furnished to our hands, that cost us nothing? Is it we that light up the sun, that pour down the rain, and fill the earth with abundance? Whether we sleep or wake, the vast machinery of the universe still goes on. Are these things, and the blessings they indicate in future, nothing to us? Can our gross feelings be excited by no other subjects than tragedy and suicide? Or is the gloomy pride of man become so intolerable, that nothing can flatter it but a sacrifice of the Creator?

„It is never to be expected in a revolution that every man is to change his opinion at the same moment. There never yet was any truth or any principle so irresistibly obvious that all men believed it at once.“

—  Thomas Paine

1790s, First Principles of Government (1795)
Contesto: It is never to be expected in a revolution that every man is to change his opinion at the same moment. There never yet was any truth or any principle so irresistibly obvious that all men believed it at once. Time and reason must cooperate with each other to the final establishment of any principle; and therefore those who may happen to be first convinced have not a right to persecute others, on whom conviction operates more slowly. The moral principle of revolutions is to instruct, not to destroy.

„In things of this kind it sees something which it calls a natural cause, but none of the causes it sees is the cause of that motion which preserves the solar system.“

—  Thomas Paine

1790s, Discourse to the Theophilanthropists (1798)
Contesto: As to that which is called nature, it is no other than the laws by which motion and action of every kind, with respect to unintelligible matter, is regulated. And when we speak of looking through nature up to nature's God, we speak philosophically the same rational language as when we speak of looking through human laws up to the power that ordained them.
God is the power of first cause, nature is the law, and matter is the subject acted upon.
But infidelity by ascribing every phenomenon to properties of matter, conceives a system for which it cannot account, and yet it pretends to demonstration. It reasons from what it sees on the surface of the earth, but it does not carry itself on the solar system existing by motion. It sees upon the surface a perpetual decomposition and recomposition of matter. It sees that an oak produces an acorn, an acorn an oak, a bird an egg, an egg a bird, and so on. In things of this kind it sees something which it calls a natural cause, but none of the causes it sees is the cause of that motion which preserves the solar system.

„Man is not the enemy of man, but through the medium of a false system of Government.“

—  Thomas Paine, libro I diritti dell'uomo

Part 1.7 Conclusion
1790s, Rights of Man, Part I (1791)
Contesto: Man is not the enemy of man, but through the medium of a false system of Government. Instead, therefore, of exclaiming against the ambition of kings, the exclamation should be directed against the principle of such governments; and instead of seeking to reform the individual, the wisdom of a nation should apply itself to reform the system.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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