Frasi di Václav Havel

Václav Havel photo
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Václav Havel

Data di nascita: 5. Ottobre 1936
Data di morte: 18. Dicembre 2011
Altri nomi:वैक्लेव हैवेल

Pubblicità

Václav Havel è stato uno scrittore, drammaturgo e politico ceco.

È stato l'ultimo presidente della Cecoslovacchia ed il primo presidente della Repubblica Ceca.

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Frasi Václav Havel

„Proprio come il costante aumento di entropia è la legge fondamentale dell'universo, così è la legge fondamentale della vita di essere sempre più altamente strutturata e di lottare contro l'entropia. Entropia è una grandezza termodinamica che misura il grado di disordine presente in un sistema, incluso l'universo. E in natura l'entropia è spontaneamente sempre in crescita, cioè la tendenza naturale delle cose è verso il caos anziché verso l’ordine. E anche nella vita è così. Ecco alcuni esempi di quello che voglio dire. Immaginiamo che ci sia un campo d'erba. Non si trasformerà spontaneamente in un bel prato inglese ben curato; piuttosto, l'erba continuando a crescere, trasformerà il campo in un groviglio spaventoso di erbacce. Nel campo aumenta il caos, piuttosto che ordine. Se questo campo è il mio giardino, e se voglio un prato inglese ben curato invece di una giungla, dovrò con il rasaerba far retrocedere con fatica l'entropia (in gergo, falciare il prato), contrastando con il mio lavoro il naturale evolvere della situazione che naturalmente tende verso il caos, il disordine. Devo dare altri esempi? Quando le foglie in autunno cadono dagli alberi, naturalmente cadono in mucchi ordinati sul terreno? Ovviamente no; cadono caoticamente in tutto il prato, e se voglio mucchi ordinati, dovrò fare personalmente pulizia. La polvere in casa mia si accumula naturalmente nel cestino? Sfortunatamente no; finisce dappertutto, dove capita, e se voglio una casa pulita e ordinata, dovrò far retrocedere l'entropia (in gergo, spolverare). Il governo è un altro esempio; i governi non sono naturalmente stabili. La maggior parte dei principali paesi del mondo hanno avuto un grande cambiamento di governo negli ultimi cento anni. "Elenco delle rivoluzioni e ribellioni" di Wikipedia registra 215 tali eventi dal 1900 - più del numero di paesi in tutto il mondo! Un governo stabile nel mondo è una cosa molto rara e insolita, e richiede una incredibile quantità di equilibrio per garantire la stabilità (in gergo, democrazia). Il movimento naturale dei governi, come ogni cosa, è verso il caos. L’uso del motore dell’automobile migliora nel tempo? No, si usura e poi si rompe. La sua evoluzione non è verso l'ordine, si verso il caos. Se si trascura una strada, si riparano da sole le buche che si formano? Il tuo corpo, invecchiando, si ripara da sé, o si acciacca sempre di più e, infine, si arrende? Quando passa un uragano, si lascia dietro edifici luccicanti nuovi di zecca o, nella sua scia solo macerie e distruzione? In realtà, c'è qualche forza nell'universo che crea naturalmente ordine? Non penso proprio: l'uomo con il suo duro lavoro può solamente ritardare di poco l'inevitabile caos totale; alla fine l'entropia vincerà sempre e comunque. Vi pare che potremo battere l'universo e le sue intenzioni? (tratta da Lettera aperta a Gustáv Husák, 8 aprile 1975).“

—  Václav Havel

Pubblicità

„His actions simply articulate his dignity as a citizen, regardless of the cost.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: The dissident does not operate in the realm of genuine power at all. He is not seeking power. He has no desire for office and does not gather votes. He does not attempt to charm the public, he offers nothing and promises nothing. He can offer, if anything, only his own skin — and he offers it solely because he has no other way of affirming the truth he stands for. His actions simply articulate his dignity as a citizen, regardless of the cost.

„The law is only one of several imperfect and more or less external ways of defending what is better in life against what is worse.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: The law is only one of several imperfect and more or less external ways of defending what is better in life against what is worse. By itself, the law can never create anything better... Establishing respect for the law does not automatically ensure a better life for that, after all, is a job for people and not for laws and institutions.

„Our country, if that is what we want, can now permanently radiate love, understanding, the power of the spirit and of ideas.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: Our country, if that is what we want, can now permanently radiate love, understanding, the power of the spirit and of ideas. It is precisely this glow that we can offer as our specific contribution to international politics.

Pubblicità

„There is only one Art, whose sole criterion is the power, the authenticity, the revelatory insight, the courage and suggestiveness with which it seeks its truth.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: There is only one Art, whose sole criterion is the power, the authenticity, the revelatory insight, the courage and suggestiveness with which it seeks its truth. … Thus, from the standpoint of the work and its worth it is irrelevant to which political ideas the artist as a citizen claims allegiance, which ideas he would like to serve with his work or whether he holds any such ideas at all. "Six Asides About Culture"

„A year ago, we all were united in the joy over having broken free of totalitarianism. Today we all are made somewhat nervous by the burden of freedom.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: A year ago, we all were united in the joy over having broken free of totalitarianism. Today we all are made somewhat nervous by the burden of freedom. Our society is still in a state of shock. This shock could have been expected, but none of us expected it to be so profound. The old system collapsed, and a new one so far has not been built. Our social life is marked by a subliminal uncertainty over what kind of system we are going to build, how to build it, and whether we are able to build it at all.

„They are periods when there is a tendency to quote, to imitate, and to amplify, rather than to state with authority or integrate. New meaning is gradually born from the encounter, or the intersection, of many different elements.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: Periods of history when values undergo a fundamental shift are certainly not unprecedented. This happened in the Hellenistic period, when from the ruins of the classical world the Middle Ages were gradually born. It happened during the Renaissance, which opened the way to the modern era. The distinguishing features of such transitional periods are a mixing and blending of cultures and a plurality or parallelism of intellectual and spiritual worlds. These are periods when all consistent value systems collapse, when cultures distant in time and space are discovered or rediscovered. They are periods when there is a tendency to quote, to imitate, and to amplify, rather than to state with authority or integrate. New meaning is gradually born from the encounter, or the intersection, of many different elements.

„What I am about to say may sound provocative, but I feel more and more strongly that even these ideas are not enough, that we must go farther and deeper.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: I am referring to respect for the unique human being and his or her liberties and inalienable rights and to the principle that all power derives from the people. I am, in short, referring to the fundamental ideas of modern democracy. What I am about to say may sound provocative, but I feel more and more strongly that even these ideas are not enough, that we must go farther and deeper.

Pubblicità

„Of course, in politics, just as anywhere else in life, it is impossible and it would not be sensible always to say everything bluntly. Yet that does not mean one has to lie. What is needed here are tact, instinct and good taste.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: Despite all the political misery I am confronted with every day, it still is my profound conviction that the very essence of politics is not dirty; dirt is brought in only by wicked people. I admit that this is an area of human activity where the temptation to advance through unfair actions may be stronger than elsewhere, and which thus makes higher demands on human integrity. But it is not true at all that a politician cannot do without lying or intriguing. That is sheer nonsense, often spread by those who want to discourage people from taking an interest in public affairs. Of course, in politics, just as anywhere else in life, it is impossible and it would not be sensible always to say everything bluntly. Yet that does not mean one has to lie. What is needed here are tact, instinct and good taste. International Herald Tribune (29 October 1991)

„Classical modern science described only the surface of things, a single dimension of reality. And the more dogmatically science treated it as the only dimension, as the very essence of reality, the more misleading it became.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: Classical modern science described only the surface of things, a single dimension of reality. And the more dogmatically science treated it as the only dimension, as the very essence of reality, the more misleading it became. Today, for instance, we may know immeasurably more about the universe than our ancestors did, and yet, it increasingly seems they knew something more essential about it than we do, something that escapes us.

„This forgotten awareness is encoded in all religions. All cultures anticipate it in various forms. It is one of the things that form the basis of man's understanding of himself, of his place in the world, and ultimately of the world as such.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: What makes the Anthropic Principle and the Gaia Hypothesis so inspiring? One simple thing: Both remind us, in modern language, of what we have long suspected, of what we have long projected into our forgotten myths and perhaps what has always lain dormant within us as archetypes. That is, the awareness of our being anchored in the earth and the universe, the awareness that we are not here alone nor for ourselves alone, but that we are an integral part of higher, mysterious entities against whom it is not advisable to blaspheme. This forgotten awareness is encoded in all religions. All cultures anticipate it in various forms. It is one of the things that form the basis of man's understanding of himself, of his place in the world, and ultimately of the world as such.

„The recent period — and in particular the last six weeks of our peaceful revolution — has shown the enormous human, moral and spiritual potential, and the civic culture that slumbered in our society under the enforced mask of apathy.“

—  Václav Havel
Context: The recent period — and in particular the last six weeks of our peaceful revolution — has shown the enormous human, moral and spiritual potential, and the civic culture that slumbered in our society under the enforced mask of apathy. Whenever someone categorically claimed that we were this or that, I always objected that society is a very mysterious creature and that it is unwise to trust only the face it presents to you. I am happy that I was not mistaken. Everywhere in the world people wonder where those meek, humiliated, skeptical and seemingly cynical citizens of Czechoslovakia found the marvelous strength to shake the totalitarian yoke from their shoulders in several weeks, and in a decent and peaceful way.

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