Frasi di Václav Havel

Václav Havel photo
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Václav Havel

Data di nascita: 5. Ottobre 1936
Data di morte: 18. Dicembre 2011
Altri nomi: वैक्लेव हैवेल

Václav Havel è stato uno scrittore, drammaturgo e politico ceco.

È stato l'ultimo presidente della Cecoslovacchia ed il primo presidente della Repubblica Ceca.

Frasi Václav Havel

„La magistratura è il potere dei senza potere.“

—  Václav Havel

Origine: Citato in Toghe rotte, a cura di Bruno Tinti, Chiarelettere, Milano, 2007. ISBN 9788861900301

„È sempre un bene, se l'America si áncora un po' all'Europa.“

—  Václav Havel

da Sueddeutsche Zeitung, 27 aprile 2007

„Proprio come il costante aumento di entropia è la legge fondamentale dell'universo, così è la legge fondamentale della vita di essere sempre più altamente strutturata e di lottare contro l'entropia. Entropia è una grandezza termodinamica che misura il grado di disordine presente in un sistema, incluso l'universo. E in natura l'entropia è spontaneamente sempre in crescita, cioè la tendenza naturale delle cose è verso il caos anziché verso l’ordine. E anche nella vita è così. Ecco alcuni esempi di quello che voglio dire. Immaginiamo che ci sia un campo d'erba. Non si trasformerà spontaneamente in un bel prato inglese ben curato; piuttosto, l'erba continuando a crescere, trasformerà il campo in un groviglio spaventoso di erbacce. Nel campo aumenta il caos, piuttosto che ordine. Se questo campo è il mio giardino, e se voglio un prato inglese ben curato invece di una giungla, dovrò con il rasaerba far retrocedere con fatica l'entropia (in gergo, falciare il prato), contrastando con il mio lavoro il naturale evolvere della situazione che naturalmente tende verso il caos, il disordine. Devo dare altri esempi? Quando le foglie in autunno cadono dagli alberi, naturalmente cadono in mucchi ordinati sul terreno? Ovviamente no; cadono caoticamente in tutto il prato, e se voglio mucchi ordinati, dovrò fare personalmente pulizia. La polvere in casa mia si accumula naturalmente nel cestino? Sfortunatamente no; finisce dappertutto, dove capita, e se voglio una casa pulita e ordinata, dovrò far retrocedere l'entropia (in gergo, spolverare). Il governo è un altro esempio; i governi non sono naturalmente stabili. La maggior parte dei principali paesi del mondo hanno avuto un grande cambiamento di governo negli ultimi cento anni. "Elenco delle rivoluzioni e ribellioni" di Wikipedia registra 215 tali eventi dal 1900 - più del numero di paesi in tutto il mondo! Un governo stabile nel mondo è una cosa molto rara e insolita, e richiede una incredibile quantità di equilibrio per garantire la stabilità (in gergo, democrazia). Il movimento naturale dei governi, come ogni cosa, è verso il caos. L’uso del motore dell’automobile migliora nel tempo? No, si usura e poi si rompe. La sua evoluzione non è verso l'ordine, si verso il caos. Se si trascura una strada, si riparano da sole le buche che si formano? Il tuo corpo, invecchiando, si ripara da sé, o si acciacca sempre di più e, infine, si arrende? Quando passa un uragano, si lascia dietro edifici luccicanti nuovi di zecca o, nella sua scia solo macerie e distruzione? In realtà, c'è qualche forza nell'universo che crea naturalmente ordine? Non penso proprio: l'uomo con il suo duro lavoro può solamente ritardare di poco l'inevitabile caos totale; alla fine l'entropia vincerà sempre e comunque. Vi pare che potremo battere l'universo e le sue intenzioni? (tratta da Lettera aperta a Gustáv Husák, 8 aprile 1975).“

—  Václav Havel

Questa traduzione è in attesa di revisione. È corretto?

„The worst thing is that we live in a contaminated moral environment. We fell morally ill because we became used to saying something different from what we thought.“

—  Václav Havel

New Year's Address to the Nation (1990)
Contesto: The worst thing is that we live in a contaminated moral environment. We fell morally ill because we became used to saying something different from what we thought. We learned not to believe in anything, to ignore one another, to care only about ourselves. Concepts such as love, friendship, compassion, humility or forgiveness lost their depth and dimension, and for many of us they represented only psychological peculiarities, or they resembled gone-astray greetings from ancient times, a little ridiculous in the era of computers and spaceships.

„Establishing respect for the law does not automatically ensure a better life for that, after all, is a job for people and not for laws and institutions.“

—  Václav Havel, libro The Power of the Powerless

Living in Truth (1986), The Power of the Powerless
Contesto: The law is only one of several imperfect and more or less external ways of defending what is better in life against what is worse. By itself, the law can never create anything better... Establishing respect for the law does not automatically ensure a better life for that, after all, is a job for people and not for laws and institutions.

„We should not forget any of those who paid for our present freedom in one way or another.“

—  Václav Havel

New Year's Address to the Nation (1990)
Contesto: Those who rebelled against totalitarian rule and those who simply managed to remain themselves and think freely, were all persecuted. We should not forget any of those who paid for our present freedom in one way or another.

„There are no exact guidelines. There are probably no guidelines at all. The only thing I can recommend at this stage is a sense of humor, an ability to see things in their ridiculous and absurd dimensions, to laugh at others and at ourselves, a sense of irony regarding everything that calls out for parody in this world.“

—  Václav Havel

Address upon receiving the Open Society Prize awarded by Central European University (24 June 1999) http://old.hrad.cz/president/Havel/speeches/1999/2406_uk.html
Variant translation: There are no exact directions. There are probably no directions at all. The only things that I am able to recommend at this moment are: a sense of humour; an ability to see the ridiculous and the absurd dimensions of things; an ability to laugh about others as well as about ourselves; a sense of irony; and, of everything that invites parody in this world. In other words: rising above things, or looking at them from a distance; sensibility to the hidden presence of all the more dangerous types of conceit in others, as well as in ourselves; good cheer; an unostentatious certainty of the meaning of things; gratitude for the gift of life and courage to assume responsibility for it; and, a vigilant mind.
Those who have not lost the ability to recognize that which is laughable in themselves, or their own nothingness, are not arrogant, nor are they enemies of an Open Society. Its enemy is a person with a fiercely serious countenance and burning eyes.
Contesto: There are no exact guidelines. There are probably no guidelines at all. The only thing I can recommend at this stage is a sense of humor, an ability to see things in their ridiculous and absurd dimensions, to laugh at others and at ourselves, a sense of irony regarding everything that calls out for parody in this world. In other words, I can only recommend perspective and distance. Awareness of all the most dangerous kinds of vanity, both in others and in ourselves. A good mind. A modest certainty about the meaning of things. Gratitude for the gift of life and the courage to take responsibility for it. Vigilance of spirit.

„The idea of human rights and freedoms must be an integral part of any meaningful world order.“

—  Václav Havel

The Need for Transcendence in the Postmodern World (1994)
Contesto: The idea of human rights and freedoms must be an integral part of any meaningful world order. Yet, I think it must be anchored in a different place, and in a different way, than has been the case so far. If it is to be more than just a slogan mocked by half the world, it cannot be expressed in the language of a departing era, and it must not be mere froth floating on the subsiding waters of faith in a purely scientific relationship to the world.

„There can be no doubt that distrust of words is less harmful than unwarranted trust in them.“

—  Václav Havel

Speech of October 1989, accepting a peace prize; quoted in The Independent, London (9 December 1989)
Contesto: There can be no doubt that distrust of words is less harmful than unwarranted trust in them. Besides, to distrust words, and indict them for the horrors that might slumber unobtrusively within them — isn't this, after all, the true vocation of the intellectual?

„What is needed in politics is not the ability to lie but rather the sensibility to know when, where, how and to whom to say things.“

—  Václav Havel

International Herald Tribune (29 October 1991)
Variant translation: If your heart is in the right place and you have good taste, not only will you pass muster in politics, you are destined for it. If you are modest and do not lust after power, not only are you suited to politics, you absolutely belong there.
Contesto: When a man has his heart in the right place and good taste, he can not only do well in politics but is even predetermined for it. If someone is modest and does not yearn for power, he is certainly not ill-equipped to engage in politics; on the contrary, he belongs there. What is needed in politics is not the ability to lie but rather the sensibility to know when, where, how and to whom to say things.

„Cultural conflicts are increasing and are understandably more dangerous today than at any other time in history.“

—  Václav Havel

The Need for Transcendence in the Postmodern World (1994)
Contesto: Cultural conflicts are increasing and are understandably more dangerous today than at any other time in history. The end of the era of rationalism has been catastrophic. Armed with the same supermodern weapons, often from the same suppliers, and followed by television cameras, the members of various tribal cults are at war with one another.

„Life cannot be destroyed for good, neither … can history be brought entirely to a halt.“

—  Václav Havel

Open letter to Dr. Gustáv Husák, Communist President (8 April 1975)
Contesto: Life cannot be destroyed for good, neither … can history be brought entirely to a halt. A secret streamlet trickles on beneath the heavy lid of inertia and pseudo-events, slowly and inconspicuously undercutting it. It may be a long process, but one day it must happen: the lid will no longer hold and will start to crack. This is the moment when something once more begins visibly to happen, something truly new and unique … something truly historical, in the sense that history again demands to be heard.

„It's not hard to stand behind one's successes. But to accept responsibility for one's failures… that is devishly hard!“

—  Václav Havel

As quoted in "Václav Havel: Heir to a Spiritual Legacy" by Richard L. Stanger in Christian Century (11 April 1990) http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=767
Contesto: It's not hard to stand behind one's successes. But to accept responsibility for one's failures... that is devishly hard! But only thence does the road lead... to a radically new insight into the mysterious gravity of my existence as an uncertain enterprise and to its transcendental meaning.

„The recent period — and in particular the last six weeks of our peaceful revolution — has shown the enormous human, moral and spiritual potential, and the civic culture that slumbered in our society under the enforced mask of apathy.“

—  Václav Havel

New Year's Address to the Nation (1990)
Contesto: The recent period — and in particular the last six weeks of our peaceful revolution — has shown the enormous human, moral and spiritual potential, and the civic culture that slumbered in our society under the enforced mask of apathy. Whenever someone categorically claimed that we were this or that, I always objected that society is a very mysterious creature and that it is unwise to trust only the face it presents to you. I am happy that I was not mistaken. Everywhere in the world people wonder where those meek, humiliated, skeptical and seemingly cynical citizens of Czechoslovakia found the marvelous strength to shake the totalitarian yoke from their shoulders in several weeks, and in a decent and peaceful way.

„Man as an observer is becoming completely alienated from himself as a being.“

—  Václav Havel

The Need for Transcendence in the Postmodern World (1994)
Contesto: The relationship to the world that the modern science fostered and shaped now appears to have exhausted its potential. It is increasingly clear that, strangely, the relationship is missing something. It fails to connect with the most intrinsic nature of reality and with natural human experience. It is now more of a source of disintegration and doubt than a source of integration and meaning. It produces what amounts to a state of schizophrenia: Man as an observer is becoming completely alienated from himself as a being.

„They are periods when there is a tendency to quote, to imitate, and to amplify, rather than to state with authority or integrate. New meaning is gradually born from the encounter, or the intersection, of many different elements.“

—  Václav Havel

The Need for Transcendence in the Postmodern World (1994)
Contesto: Periods of history when values undergo a fundamental shift are certainly not unprecedented. This happened in the Hellenistic period, when from the ruins of the classical world the Middle Ages were gradually born. It happened during the Renaissance, which opened the way to the modern era. The distinguishing features of such transitional periods are a mixing and blending of cultures and a plurality or parallelism of intellectual and spiritual worlds. These are periods when all consistent value systems collapse, when cultures distant in time and space are discovered or rediscovered. They are periods when there is a tendency to quote, to imitate, and to amplify, rather than to state with authority or integrate. New meaning is gradually born from the encounter, or the intersection, of many different elements.

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