Frasi di Giovanna d'Arco
Data di nascita: 6. Gennaio 1412
Data di morte: 30. Maggio 1431
Altri nomi:Santa Giovanna d'Arco
Giovanna d'Arco è un'eroina nazionale francese, venerata come santa dalla Chiesa cattolica, oggi conosciuta anche come la Pulzella d'Orléans.
Riunì al proprio Paese parte del territorio caduto in mano agli inglesi, contribuendo a risollevarne le sorti durante la guerra dei cent'anni, guidando vittoriosamente le armate francesi contro quelle inglesi. Catturata dai Borgognoni davanti a Compiègne, Giovanna fu venduta agli inglesi che la sottoposero a un processo per eresia, al termine del quale, il 30 maggio 1431, fu condannata al rogo e arsa viva.
Nel 1456 papa Callisto III, al termine di una seconda inchiesta, dichiarò la nullità di tale processo.
Beatificata nel 1909 da Pio X e canonizzata nel 1920 da Benedetto XV, Giovanna fu proclamata patrona di Francia.
Frasi Giovanna d'Arco
„[A Vaucouleurs, interrogata da Jean de Metz su che cosa facesse lì] Sono venuta qui, in una città del re, a parlare con Robert de Baudricourt, perché voglia condurmi o farmi condurre dal re. Non si preoccupi di me, o di quello che dico; tuttavia prima di metà quaresima bisogna che sia davanti al re, dovessi consumarmi le gambe fino alle ginocchia. Perché nessuno al mondo, né re, né duchi, né figlia del re di Scozia, nessuno, può riconquistare il regno di Francia; non c'è per lui soccorso se non da parte mia; anche se preferirei rimanere a filare a fianco di mia madre, povera donna, perché tutto questo non è nella mia condizione; ma bisogna che vada, che agisca così, perché il mio Signore lo vuole.“
— Joan of Arc
Context: The Voice had promised me that, as soon I came to the King, he would receive me. Those of my party knew well that the Voice had been sent me from God; they have seen and known this Voice, I am sure of it. My King and many others have also heard and seen the Voices which came to me: there were there Charles de Bourbon and two or three others. There is not a day when I do not hear this Voice; and I have much need of it. But never have I asked of it any recompense but the salvation of my soul. Second public examination (22 February 1431)
— Joan of Arc
Context: I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance. The first time that I heard this Voice, I was very much frightened; it was mid-day, in the summer, in my father's garden. I had not fasted the day before. I heard this Voice to my right, towards the Church; rarely do I hear it without its being accompanied also by a light. This light comes from the same side as the Voice. Generally it is a great light. Since I came into France I have often heard this Voice. … If I were in a wood, I could easily hear the Voice which came to me. It seemed to me to come from lips I should reverence. I believe it was sent me from God. When I heard it for the third time, I recognized that it was the Voice of an Angel. This Voice has always guarded me well, and I have always understood it; it instructed me to be good and to go often to Church; it told me it was necessary for me to come into France. You ask me under what form this Voice appeared to me? You will hear no more of it from me this time. It said to me two or three times a week: 'You must go into France.' My father knew nothing of my going. The Voice said to me: 'Go into France!' I could stay no longer. It said to me: 'Go, raise the siege which is being made before the City of Orleans. Go!' it added, 'to Robert de Baudricourt, Captain of Vaucouleurs: he will furnish you with an escort to accompany you.' And I replied that I was but a poor girl, who knew nothing of riding or fighting. I went to my uncle and said that I wished to stay near him for a time. I remained there eight days. I said to him, 'I must go to Vaucouleurs.' He took me there. When I arrived, I recognized Robert de Baudricourt, although I had never seen him. I knew him, thanks to my Voice, which made me recognize him. [http://www.stjoan-center.com/Trials/sec02.html Second public examination (22 February 1431)]