Frasi di Jacques Derrida

Jacques Derrida photo
9  4

Jacques Derrida

Data di nascita: 15. Luglio 1930
Data di morte: 9. Ottobre 2004

Pubblicità

Jacques Derrida, nato Jackie Élie Derrida , è stato un filosofo francese.

Professore prima all'École Normale Supérieure , fondatore del Collège International de Philosophie e poi, fino alla morte, directeur d'études presso l'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales di Parigi, il suo nome è legato al concetto di decostruzione, che ebbe una forte influenza sul pensiero della seconda metà del Novecento, in ambiti disciplinari molti diversi dalla filosofia, come la linguistica, la critica letteraria, la teoria politica, la giurisprudenza, gli studi religiosi, la teoria dei media, l'antropologia, gli studi culturali, l'architettura , gli studi postcoloniali, gli studi di genere e la psicoanalisi. La sua opera, che ebbe una diffusione globale, in particolare negli Stati Uniti e in Sud America, è solitamente associata al cosiddetto post-strutturalismo francese o al postmodernismo, benché Derrida non si sia mai riconosciuto in queste denominazioni.

Influenzato dalla fenomenologia di Edmund Husserl e dall'ontologia fondamentale di Martin Heidegger, il suo pensiero si concentrò inizialmente sui problemi epistemologici della filosofia francese degli anni Sessanta, riguardanti lo statuto delle scienze umane, il contributo della psicoanalisi e della linguistica e il superamento dell'umanesimo. In seguito, a partire dagli anni Ottanta e Novanta, l'interrogazione di Derrida si rivolse a temi di carattere etico e politico, fra cui il cosmopolitismo, la natura della democrazia, i diritti umani e animali, l'idea di Europa e la crisi della sovranità. I suoi interventi lo resero una delle voci pubbliche più note nel panorama intellettuale europeo, al punto da essere più volte indicato come possibile vincitore del Premio Nobel per la Letteratura.

Il suo pensiero, esposto in uno stile difficile per via di un complesso lavoro sul linguaggio filosofico, è stato spesso oggetto di controversie, forti polemiche e talvolta netti rifiuti, soprattutto nel mondo della filosofia analitica anglosassone.

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Frasi Jacques Derrida

Pubblicità

„La vita è l'origine non rappresentabile della rappresentazione.“

— Jacques Derrida
da La scrittura e la differenza, traduzione di G. Pozzi, Einaudi, Torino, 1990

„Non c'è fuori-testo.“

— Jacques Derrida
da Della grammatologia, Jaca Book, Milano, 1969

Pubblicità

„The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows“

— Jacques Derrida
Context: The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint. Theatrical speech, Hamlet's speech before the theater of the world, of history, and of politics. The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows, as the Painter also says at the beginning of Timon of Athens (which is Marx's play, is it not). For, this time, it is a painter's speech, as if he were speaking of a spectacle or before a tableau: "How goes the world?-It wears, sir, as it grows. Wear and Tears (tableu of a ageless world)

Pubblicità

„The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint.“

— Jacques Derrida
Context: The time is out of joint. The world is going badly. It is worn but its wear no longer counts. Old age or youth-one no longer counts in that way. The world has more than one age. We lack the measure of the measure. We no longer realize the wear, we no longer take account of it as of a single age in the progress of history. Neither maturation, nor crisis, nor even agony. Something else. What is happening is happening to age itself, it strikes a blow at the teleological order of history. What is coming, in which the untimely appears, is happening to time but it does not happen in time. Contretemps. The time is out of joint. Theatrical speech, Hamlet's speech before the theater of the world, of history, and of politics. The age is off its hinges. Everything, beginning with time, seems out of kilter, unjust, dis-adjusted. The world is going very badly, it wears as it grows, as the Painter also says at the beginning of Timon of Athens (which is Marx's play, is it not). For, this time, it is a painter's speech, as if he were speaking of a spectacle or before a tableau: "How goes the world?-It wears, sir, as it grows. Wear and Tears (tableu of a ageless world)

„The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies. It’s matrix—If you will pardon me for demonstrating so little and for being elliptical in order to come more quickly to my principle theme—is the determination of Being as presence in all sense of this word.“

— Jacques Derrida
Context: The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies. It’s matrix—If you will pardon me for demonstrating so little and for being elliptical in order to come more quickly to my principle theme—is the determination of Being as presence in all sense of this word. Structure, Sign and Play

„Monsters cannot be announced. One cannot say: 'here are our monsters', without immediately turning the monsters into pets.“

— Jacques Derrida
Some Statements and Truisms about Neologisms, Newisms, Postisms, Parasitisms, and other small Seismisms, The States of Theory, ed. David Carroll, New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

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