Frasi di Marie-Louise von Franz

Marie-Louise von Franz photo
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Marie-Louise von Franz

Data di nascita: 4. Gennaio 1915
Data di morte: 17. Febbraio 1998

Marie-Louise von Franz è stata una psicoanalista svizzera.

Allieva e collaboratrice di Carl Gustav Jung , è stata una delle più importanti esponenti della psicologia analitica del XX secolo. Esponente di spicco della corrente "classica" della psicologia analitica, ha prodotto opere fondamentali sulla comprensione psicologica della favola, dei sogni e del simbolismo alchemico. Ha scritto oltre venti volumi di argomento psicoanalitico, ed è stata una delle più note docenti ed analiste di supervisione del C. G. Jung Institut di Zurigo.

Tenne una lunga corrispondenza con il celebre fisico Wolfgang Pauli, uno dei padri della meccanica quantistica, conosciuto nel 1947, e fu amica di Barbara Hannah, anch'essa psicologa analitica tra gli allievi di Jung.

Mentre James Hillman indagò le strutture archetipiche del mito, la Von Franz esplorò l'espressione degli archetipi della fiaba, che secondo lei rivelano un significato ben preciso: il Sé, inteso come totalità psichica dell'individuo e come "centro regolatore" della vita psichica del soggetto.

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„Our whole tradition has trained us to think always of God as being outside the world and shaping its dead material in some form.“

—  Marie-Louise von Franz

Creation Myths (1972), Deus Faber
Contesto: Our whole tradition has trained us to think always of God as being outside the world and shaping its dead material in some form. But upon making a general survey of creation myths, we see that this type of God mirrors a rare and specific situation; it mirrors a state where consciousness has already markedly withdrawn, as an independent entity, out of the unconscious and therefore can turn toward the rest of the material as if it were its dead object. It also already shows a definite separation between subject and object; God is the subject of the creation and the world, and its material is the dead objects with which he deals. Naturally we must correct this viewpoint by putting it into its right context, namely, that the craftsman in primitive societies never imagined himself to be doing the work himself. Nowadays if you watch a carpenter or a smith, he is in a position to feel himself as a human being with independent consciousness, who has acquired from his teacher a traditional skill with which he handles dead material. He feels that his skill is a man-made possession, which he owns. If we look at the folklore and mythology of the different crafts in more primitive societies, we see that they have a much more adequate view of it. They all still have tales which show that; man never invented any craft or skill, but that it was revealed to him, that it is the Gods who produced the knowledge which man now uses if he does anything practical.

„Always at bottom there is a divine revelation, a divine act, and man has only had the bright idea of copying it.“

—  Marie-Louise von Franz

Creation Myths (1972), Deus Faber
Contesto: Always at bottom there is a divine revelation, a divine act, and man has only had the bright idea of copying it. That is how the crafts all came into existence and is why they all have a mystical background. In primitive civilizations one is still aware of it, and this accounts for the fact that generally they are better craftsmen than we who have lost this awareness. If we think that every craft, whether carpenter's or smith's or weaver's, was a divine revelation, then we understand better the mystical process which certain creation myths characterize as God creating the world like a craftsman. By creating the world through such a craft he manifests a secret of his own mysterious skill.

„The ego must be able to listen attentively and to give itself, without any further design or purpose, to that inner urge toward growth.“

—  Marie-Louise von Franz

"The Process of Individuation" - Part 3 in Man and His Symbols (1961) edited by C. G. Jung, p. 163
Contesto: The ego must be able to listen attentively and to give itself, without any further design or purpose, to that inner urge toward growth.... People living in cultures more securely rooted than our own have less trouble in understanding that it is necessary to give up the utilitarian attitude of conscious planning in order to make way for the inner growth of the personality.

„In other words, the idea of the philosopher's stone of the alchemists is identical with the idea of the glorified body.“

—  Marie-Louise von Franz

Creation Myths (1972), Creation Renewed & Reversed
Contesto: In other words, the idea of the philosopher's stone of the alchemists is identical with the idea of the glorified body. This offers an archetypal approach to some Eastern ideas, because in different Eastern yoga practices and meditation the goal is to produce within oneself the so-called diamond body which is an immortal nucleus of the personality.

„When a person has inwardly struggled with his anima or with her animus for a sufficiently long time and has reached the point where he or she is no longer identified with it in an unconscious fashion, the unconscious once again takes on a new symbolic form in relating with the ego. It then appears in the form of the psychic core, that is, the Self. In the dreams of a woman, the Self, when it personifies itself, manifests as a superior female figure, for example, as a priestess, a sorceress, an earth mother, or a nature or love goddess. In the dreams of a man, it takes the form of some-one who confers initiations (an Indian guru), a wise old man, a nature spirit, a hero, and so forth. An Austrian fairy tale recounts the following:
A king posts a soldier to keep watch on the coffin of a cursed black princess who has been bewitched. It is known that every night she comes to life and tears the guard to pieces. In despair, not wanting to die, the soldier runs away into the forest. There he meets an "old zither player who was, however, the Lord God himself," and this old musician advises him how to hide in different places in the church and what to do so that the black princess cannot find him. With the help of this miraculous old man, the soldier succeeds in evading the princess's attack and in this way is able to redeem her. He marries her and becomes the king.
The old zither player who is really God himself, expressed in psychological language, is a symbol of the Self. He helps the soldier, that is, the ego, to overcome the destructive anima figure and even to redeem it. In a woman, as we have said, the Self takes on a feminine form.“

—  Marie-Louise von Franz

Origine: Archetypal Dimensions of the Psyche (1994), The Self, p. 324 - 325

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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