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John Locke

Data di nascita: 29. Agosto 1632
Data di morte: 28. Ottobre 1704

John Locke è stato un filosofo e medico inglese, considerato il padre del liberalismo classico, dell'empirismo moderno e uno dei più influenti anticipatori dell'illuminismo e del criticismo. Wikipedia

Lavori

„Il raffinamento dell'intelletto ha due fini: in primo luogo accrescere la nostra conoscenza, secondariamente permetterci di diffondere questa conoscenza agli altri.“

—  John Locke, libro Saggio sull'intelletto umano

Origine: Da Some thoughts concerning reading and study for a gentleman. – John Locke, The Works, vol. 2, An Essay concerning Human Understanding, part 2 and Other Writings (1689).

„I confini delle specie, là dove gli uomini li stabiliscono, sono fatti solo dagli uomini.“

—  John Locke, libro Saggio sull'intelletto umano

libro III, cap. 6
Saggio sull'intelletto umano
Origine: Citato in Bertrand Russell, Storia della filosofia occidentale, traduzione di Luca Pavolini, Longanesi, Milano, 1966, p. 800.

„Supponiamo dunque che lo spirito sia per così dire un foglio bianco, privo di ogni carattere, senza alcuna idea. In che modo verrà ad esserne fornito?“

—  John Locke, libro Saggio sull'intelletto umano

libro II
Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters, without any ideas:- How comes it to be furnished?
Saggio sull'intelletto umano
Origine: Citato in AA.VV., Il libro della filosofia, traduzione di Daniele Ballarini e Anna Carbone, Gribaudo, 2018, p. 133. ISBN 9788858014165

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„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us.

„Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.“

—  John Locke

As quoted in "Hand Book : Caution and Counsels" in The Common School Journal Vol. 5, No. 24 (15 December 1843) by Horace Mann, p. 371
Contesto: This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment.

„There cannot be a greater rudeness, than to interrupt another in the current of his discourse“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: There cannot be a greater rudeness, than to interrupt another in the current of his discourse... To which, if there be added, as is usual, a correcting of any mistake, or a contradiction of what has been said, it is a mark of yet greater pride and self-conceitedness, when we thus intrude our selves for teachers, and take upon us either to set another right in his story, or shew the mistakes of his judgement.

„For as these are different in him, so are your methods to be different, and your authority must“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 102
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: Begin therefore betimes nicely to observe your son's temper; and that, when he is under least restraint, in his play, and as he thinks out of your sight. See what are his predominate passions and prevailing inclinations; whether he be fierce or mild, bold or bashful, compassionate or cruel open or reserv'd, &c. For as these are different in him, so are your methods to be different, and your authority must hence take measures to apply itself different ways to him. These native propensities, these prevalencies of constitution, are not to be cur'd by rules, or a direct contest, especially those of them that are the humbler or meaner sort, which proceed from fear, and lowness of spirit: though with art they may be much mended, and turn'd to good purposes. But this be sure, after all is done, the bypass will always hang on that side that nature first plac'd it: And if you carefully observe the characters of his mind, now in the first scenes of his life, you will ever after be able to judge which way his thoughts lean, and what he aims at even hereafter, when, as he grows up, the plot thickens, and he puts on several shapes to act it.

„The scene should be gently open'd“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 94
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: The scene should be gently open'd, and his entrance made step by step, and the dangers pointed out that attend him from several degrees, tempers, designs, and clubs of men. He should be prepared to be shocked by some, and caress'd by others; warned who are like to oppose, who to mislead, who to undermine him, and who to serve him. He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.

„That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force.“

—  John Locke, libro Two Treatises of Government

Second Treatise of Government, Ch. XVIII, sec. 204
Two Treatises of Government (1689)
Contesto: To this I answer: That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force. Whoever makes any opposition in any other case, draws on himself a just condemnation, both from God and man…

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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