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John Locke

Data di nascita: 29. Agosto 1632
Data di morte: 28. Ottobre 1704

John Locke è stato un filosofo e medico inglese, considerato il padre del liberalismo classico, dell'empirismo moderno e uno dei più influenti anticipatori dell'illuminismo e del criticismo.

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„Il raffinamento dell'intelletto ha due fini: in primo luogo accrescere la nostra conoscenza, secondariamente permetterci di diffondere questa conoscenza agli altri.“

—  John Locke, libro Saggio sull'intelletto umano

Origine: Da Some thoughts concerning reading and study for a gentleman. – John Locke, The Works, vol. 2, An Essay concerning Human Understanding, part 2 and Other Writings (1689).

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„Supponiamo dunque che lo spirito sia per così dire un foglio bianco, privo di ogni carattere, senza alcuna idea. In che modo verrà ad esserne fornito?“

—  John Locke, libro Saggio sull'intelletto umano

libro II
Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters, without any ideas:- How comes it to be furnished?
Saggio sull'intelletto umano
Origine: Citato in AA.VV., Il libro della filosofia, traduzione di Daniele Ballarini e Anna Carbone, Gribaudo, 2018, p. 133. ISBN 9788858014165

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„I confini delle specie, là dove gli uomini li stabiliscono, sono fatti solo dagli uomini.“

—  John Locke, libro Saggio sull'intelletto umano

libro III, cap. 6
Saggio sull'intelletto umano
Origine: Citato in Bertrand Russell, Storia della filosofia occidentale, traduzione di Luca Pavolini, Longanesi, Milano, 1966, p. 800.

„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 145
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us.

„Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.“

—  John Locke

As quoted in "Hand Book : Caution and Counsels" in The Common School Journal Vol. 5, No. 24 (15 December 1843) by Horace Mann, p. 371
Contesto: This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment.

„He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 94
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: The scene should be gently open'd, and his entrance made step by step, and the dangers pointed out that attend him from several degrees, tempers, designs, and clubs of men. He should be prepared to be shocked by some, and caress'd by others; warned who are like to oppose, who to mislead, who to undermine him, and who to serve him. He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.

„None of the things they learn, should ever be“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 73
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: None of the things they learn, should ever be made a burthen to them, or impos's on them as a task. Whatever is so proposed, presently becomes irksome; the mind takes an aversion to it, though before it were a thing of delight or indifferency. Let a child but be ordered to whip his top at a certain time every day, whether he has or has not a mind to it; let this be but requir'd of him as a duty, wherein he must spend so many hours morning and afternoon, and see whether he will not soon be weary of any play at this rate. Is it not so with grown men?

„He that will have his son have a respect for him and his orders, must himself have a great reverence for his son.“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 71; Note: Here Locke quotes Juvenal
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: He that will have his son have a respect for him and his orders, must himself have a great reverence for his son. Maxima debetur pueris reverentia [The greatest respect is owed to the children].

„The scene should be gently open'd“

—  John Locke, libro Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Sec. 94
Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
Contesto: The scene should be gently open'd, and his entrance made step by step, and the dangers pointed out that attend him from several degrees, tempers, designs, and clubs of men. He should be prepared to be shocked by some, and caress'd by others; warned who are like to oppose, who to mislead, who to undermine him, and who to serve him. He should be instructed how to know and distinguish them; where he should let them see, and when dissemble the knowledge of them and their aims and workings.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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