Frasi di Maria Montessori
Data di nascita: 31. Agosto 1870
Data di morte: 6. Maggio 1952
Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori è stata un'educatrice, pedagogista, filosofa, medico e scienziata italiana, internazionalmente nota per il metodo educativo che prende il suo nome, adottato in migliaia di scuole materne, primarie, secondarie e superiori in tutto il mondo; fu tra le prime donne a laurearsi in medicina in Italia.
Frasi Maria Montessori
„Si era indetto a Torino il primo congresso pedagogico italiano [del settembre 1898], al quale erano intervenuti circa tremila [sic] educatori. Io, spinta da una passione nuova, come quella che mi faceva intuire la missione e la trasformazione di una eletta classe sociale, avviata verso una redenzione grandiosa: la classe degli educatori - partecipai al congresso. Vi ero allora un'intrusa, perché il felice connubio tra la medicina e la pedagogia rimaneva ancora, nel pensiero dei tempi, insospettato.“
„I bambini sono così capaci di distinguere fra le cose naturali e le cose soprannaturali, che la loro intuizione ci ha fatto pensare ad un periodo sensitivo religioso: la prima età sembra congiunta con Dio come lo sviluppo del corpo è strettamente dipendente dalle leggi naturali che lo stanno trasformando.“
„La psicoanalisi ha riconosciuto il lato anormale dell'immaginazione e del gioco, e con luminosa interpretazione li ha collocati tra le "fughe psichiche".
"Fuga dal giuoco e nell'immaginazione": fuga è il correre via, il rifugiarsi e spesso il nascondersi di una energia che è fuori del suo posto naturale; oppure rappresenta una difesa subconscia dell'io che fugge una sofferenza od un pericolo e si nasconde sotto una maschera.“
„Such prizes and punishments are, if I may be allowed the expression, the bench of the soul, the instrument of slavery for the spirit.“
— Maria Montessori, The Montessori Method Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to Child Education in 'The Children's Houses' with Additions and Revisions by the Author
„The man who, through his own efforts, is able to perform all the actions necessary for his comfort and development in life, conquers himself, and in doing so multiplies his abilities and perfects himself as an individual.
We must make of the future generation, powerful men, and by that we mean men who are independent and free.“
— Maria Montessori
Context: Let us picture to ourselves a clever and proficient workman, capable, not only of producing much and perfect work, but of giving advice in his workshop, because of his ability to control and direct the general activity of the environment in which he works. The man who is thus master of his environment will be able to smile before the anger of others, showing that great mastery of himself which comes from consciousness of his ability to do things. We should not, however, be in the least surprised to know that in his home this capable workman scolded his wife if the soup was not to his taste, or not ready at the appointed time. In his home, he is no longer the capable workman; the skilled workman here is the wife, who serves him and prepares his food for him. He is a serene and pleasant man where he is powerful through being efficient, but is domineering where he is served. Perhaps if he should learn how to prepare his soup he might become a perfect man! The man who, through his own efforts, is able to perform all the actions necessary for his comfort and development in life, conquers himself, and in doing so multiplies his abilities and perfects himself as an individual. We must make of the future generation, powerful men, and by that we mean men who are independent and free. Ch. 5 : Discipline, p. 100.
— Maria Montessori
Context: To prepare teachers in the method of the experimental sciences is not an easy matter. When we shall have instructed them in anthropometry and psychometry in the most minute manner possible, we shall have only created machines, whose usefulness will be most doubtful. Indeed, if it is after this fashion that we are to initiate our teachers into experiment, we shall remain forever in the field of theory. The teachers of the old school, prepared according to the principles of metaphysical philosophy, understood the ideas of certain men regarded as authorities, and moved the muscles of speech in talking of them, and the muscles of the eye in reading their theories. Our scientific teachers, instead, are familiar with certain instruments and know how to move the muscles of the hand and arm in order to use these instruments; besides this, they have an intellectual preparation which consists of a series of typical tests, which they have, in a barren and mechanical way, learned how to apply. The difference is not substantial, for profound differences cannot exist in exterior technique alone, but lie rather within the inner man. Not with all our initiation into scientific experiment have we prepared new masters, for, after all, we have left them standing without the door of real experimental science; we have not admitted them to the noblest and most profound phase of such study, — to that experience which makes real scientists. Ch. 1 : A Critical Consideration of the New Pedagogy in its Relation to Modern Science, p. 7.
„If help and salvation are to come they can only come from the children, for the children are the makers of men.“
— Maria Montessori
Context: If help and salvation are to come they can only come from the children, for the children are the makers of men. The child is endowed with unknown powers, which can guide us to a radiant future. If what we really want is a new world, then education must take as its aim the development of these hidden possibilities. Part I : The Child's Part in World Reconstruction, p. 4.